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The aim of this study is to evaluate the analgesic efficacy and safety of wound infiltration with liposomal bupivacaine (LB) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and compare it with bupivacaine hydrochloride infiltration
There are no studies to date on the use of LB infiltration and its analgesic efficacy in cardiac surgery done through sternotomy, even though the majority of cardiac surgeries utilize this approach. Moderate to severe pain is common in patients undergoing these surgeries and is usually inadequately treated. Other various pain treatment modalities such as opioid and neuraxial anesthesia are avoided due to potentially dangerous side effects in this cohort. The efficacy of local anesthesia techniques, such as bupivacaine, are limited due to short duration of action and increased incidence of wound infection. On the other hand, slow release liposomal bupivacaine may last up to 72 hours, indicating it's potential for more adequate analgesia compared to bupivacaine.
Coronary Artery Disease
Exparel Injectable Product, Bupivacaine Hydrochloride
Not yet recruiting
University of Pittsburgh
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-09-04T22:02:23-0400
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Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.
A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.
A congenital coronary vessel anomaly in which the left main CORONARY ARTERY originates from the PULMONARY ARTERY instead of from AORTA. The congenital heart defect typically results in coronary artery FISTULA; LEFT-SIDED HEART FAILURE and MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY during the first months of life.
Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.
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