Comparison of a Semi-automated Closed Vitrification System (Gavi®) With a Manual Open Vitrification Sytem (Cryotop®)

2017-09-20 01:53:21 | BioPortfolio


The GAVI® closed vitrification system is a CE labelled device licensed for use in human IVF. It has been developed to standardize the process of vitrification and to increase the safety of the procedure. It has been demonstrated that the novel semiautomated, closed vitrification system providing standardized equilibration prior to cryopreservation can produce similar results in terms of recovery rate and Embryo development up to the blastocyst stage as compared to the commonly used Manual Cryotop® open vitrifcation system when applied in a mouse model.

Furthermore, its application has resulted in first pregnancies after transfer of vitrifiedwarmed biopsied human blastocyts. Due to limitations of the preliminary studies (application in mouse model; absence of a larger clinical Trial assessing pregnancy and live birth rates in human model etc.) it is of paramount importance to compare the GAVI® vitrification method to the routinely used Cryotop® method in a human IVF setting employing randomization and a-priori sample size definitions.

The primary objective of this study is to demonstrate non-inferiority of vitrification using the semi-automated GAVI® closed system over the so-far routinely used manual Cryotop® open system in terms of post-thawing survival rate of 2PN oocytes.

The secondary objective of this trial is to study differences in embryo development, clinical pregnancy rate, ongoing pregnancy rate and live birth rate.

Furthermore, differences in procedure duration and convenience will be evaluated.


One hundred and eighty (n=180) patients presenting more than 2 surplus 2 PNoocytes for vitrification or patients having all available 2PN oocytes electively vitrified will be randomly allocated (1:1) on day of fertilization check (day 1 after ovum pickup) to either procedure. In the study group, 2PN oocytes will be cryopreserved utilizing the semi-automated GAVI® open vitrification/warming technique.

In the control group, 2PN oocytes will be cryopreserved utilizing the manual Cryotop® open vitrification/warming technique.

The participation in this study will be limited to one cycle per patient. The study population consists of infertile couples undergoing IVF or ICSI treatment.

The study duration will be minimally 6 months per subject, e.g. the main study on the Primary outcome 2PN survival will be closed 6 months after randomization of the last patient.

Data from pregnancy and live birth outcome will be reported in addenda to the main clinical study report, as appropriate.

Before initiation of the study, all study sites will have investigators sufficiently trained.

The study will be performed in at least three sites within Germany. Patient recruitment will be competitive between study´centers.

The number of patients having oocyte pick-up during the time frame of the study conduct will consist of the population screened for inclusion.

In general, patients complying with the inclusion and exclusion criteria are eligible for inclusion and randomization.

There are no restrictions on the ovarian stimulation protocol and type or dose of ovulation induction agent (hCG or GnRH-agonist). Ovum pick-up is usually performed by transvaginal ultrasound-guided follicle aspiration 36±2 hours after hCG administration.

IVF or ICSI procedure is performed according to the investigator site´s standard operating procedure.

Fertilization check is performed on day 1 after ovum pick-up (OPU) 17±1 hours post insemination. The number of regularly fertilized oocytes, defined as oocyte presenting 2 pronuclei and 2 polar bodies, is assessed.

Patients presenting ≥ 2 surplus regularly fertilized oocytes for cryoperservation on day 1 and patients undergoing elective cryopreservation of all available 2 PN oocytes are are allocated to one of the two 2 procedures.

Randomization will be performed on day of fertilization check (day 1 after OPU) by lab staff by opening a numbered, opaque sealed envelopes. The random sequence will be software-generated and blocks will be used. All randomized patients will be logged in a paper- based randomization log with initials, DOB, study number, date, study group, name and signature of staff. Randomization will be stratified by Center and by indication (surplus 2PN oocyte cryopreservation vs. elective cryopreservation of all available 2PN oocytes).

All vitrification and warming procedures will be performed according to the manufacturer´s instructions.

In order to investigate the differences in vitrification procedure duration, the time span between starting with preparations needed for vitrification and transferring the vitrification device(s) into the liquid nitrogen tank for storage will be recorded.

Depending on the investigator site's cryo embryo transfer policy, in a subsequent natural or programmed cycle vitrified/warmed embryos will be replaced. Within site, all patients will undergo the same cryoprotocol for preparation of the endometrium.

There are no specifications on the protocol to be used. The number of 2 PN oocytes to be warmed will be decided by the investigator on a case by case basis. Embryo culture will be performed in all cases in individual microdroplets covered with culture oil up to the day of scheduled embryo transfer.

The day of embryo transfer and the number of embryos to be transferred will be decided by the investigator on a case by case basis.

In order to investigate survival rate, warmed 2PN-ooytes will be assessed immediately and 2 hours post warming procedure. Survival will be confirmed by the presence of an intact oolemma and regular cytoplasm 2 hours after the warming procedure and/or when embryonic cleavage is observed.

In order to investigate potential differences in development and quality of vitrified/warmed embryos cleavage and morphology will be assessed as followed:

day 2 (44±1 hours post insemination) : cell number, blastomere size, grade of fragmentation

day 3 (68±1 hours post insemination): cell number, blastomere size, grade of fragmentation

day 5 (116±1 hours post insemination): blastocyst stage (grade of expansion), ICM (inner cell mass) morphology, TE (trophectoderm) morphology

day 6 (140±1 hours post insemination): blastocyst stage (grade of expansion), ICM (inner cell mass) morphology, TE (trophectoderm) morphology

Patients who conceive will undergo ultrasound examination to confirm clinical pregnancy at 6-7 weeks of gestation. Follow-up data regarding the confirmation of ongoing pregnancy will be obtained by telephone. Live birth including related data will be obtained by a questonaire to be completed by the patient and returned to the investigator´s clinic.

The analyses will be done per-intention-to-treat (ITT) and per protocol (PP), as appropriate. The ITT population is the randomized patient population. The PP population is the population of patients undergoing an attempt of thawing.

Source data will be paper-based case report forms (CRF).

- study ID number

- date of birth (female patient)

- age female (years)

- age male (years)

- type of stimulation protocol (Antagonist/Agonist protocol, short/long protocol)

- type of gonadotropin used (uFSH, rFSH, HMG, mix, Elonva)

- total dose of gonadotropins

- type of oocyte insemination (IVF, ICSI)

- Date and time of trigger

- Type and dose of triggering medication

- Date and time of ovum pick-up

- Date of randomization

- study group

- date and time of IVF/ICSI

- date and time of fertilization check (2PN assessment)

- number of fertilized oocytes (2PN oocytes)

- reason for vitrification (surplus vs. elective)

- date and time of vitrification (start/end)

- duration of vitrification procedure (minutes)

- date and time of warming (start/end)

- duration of warming procedure (minutes)

- number of warmed 2PN-oocytes

- number of vital 2PN-oocytes

- number of top quality embryos on day 2, day 3, day 5 and day 6 (depending on day of embryo transfer)

- number of transferred embryos

- number of revitrified embryos

- cycle outcome (no pregnancy, positive hCG test)

- course of pregnancy (abortion, termination, vanishing twin, etc.)

- Multiplicity (singleton, twin, triplet)

- pregnancy outcome (clinical pregnancy, ongoing pregnancy, live birth)

Descriptive statistics will be performed by analysing median, mean, n, standard deviation, ranges and 95% confidence intervals (CI). The differences between arms will be summarized as absolute difference with 95% CI. For the primary outcome, a linear model will be constructed accounting for treatment group, study site and randomization stratum exclusively for the per-protocol population.

For secondary outcomes ITT and/or PP analyses will be performed. No correction for multiplicity is planned. Parametric and non-parametric tests will be used for normally distributed and non-normally distributed variables, respectively, to compare secondary outcomes between groups.

The patient data will be entered into a computer database in a pseudonymized way. Data management and analysis will be carried out by the Principal Investigator.

Study Design




Gavi® Vitrification, Cryotop® Vitrification


Universitäres Kinderwunschzentrum Kiel


Not yet recruiting


University of Luebeck

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-09-20T01:53:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The transformation of a liquid to a glassy solid i.e., without the formation of crystals during the cooling process.

Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.

The inability of the male to effect FERTILIZATION of an OVUM after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.

An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).

A form of male HYPOGONADISM, characterized by the presence of an extra X CHROMOSOME, small TESTES, seminiferous tubule dysgenesis, elevated levels of GONADOTROPINS, low serum TESTOSTERONE, underdeveloped secondary sex characteristics, and male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE). Patients tend to have long legs and a slim, tall stature. GYNECOMASTIA is present in many of the patients. The classic form has the karyotype 47,XXY. Several karyotype variants include 48,XXYY; 48,XXXY; 49,XXXXY, and mosaic patterns ( 46,XY/47,XXY; 47,XXY/48,XXXY, etc.).

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