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Context: Psychiatric disorders (anorexia nervosa, depression, anxiety based school refusal) are a major public health concern in adolescence. Their treatment is a challenge for the families, the health care system and society. The treatment is complex and non-standardized. In clinical practice, the relational dimension between the stakeholders is recognized by all. Nevertheless no study has ever crossed their perspectives about therapeutic alliance in adolescent psychiatry.
Objective: to explore, within a qualitative approach, how a therapeutic alliance is established in three different clinical situations according to the adolescents, their parents and their physicians by crossing their perspectives.
Methods: This is a national (France) multi-center qualitative study based on 180 semi-structured interviews. Participants (purposively selected until data saturation) came from three different sub-samples: (i) adolescents with anorexia nervosa (N =20) plus their parents (N=20) and their physicians (N=20), (ii) adolescents with depressions (N=20) plus their parents (N=20) and their physicians (N=20), and (iii) adolescents with anxiety-based school refusal (N=20) plus their parents (N=20) and their physicians (N=20). Data are collected through open ended semi structured interviews and independently analyzed with NVivo V.11 software by three researchers according to the principles of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis.
Centre Hospitalier Victor Dupouy
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-09-21T02:23:22-0400
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The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".
An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.
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