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This study evaluates the efficacy of three experimental antibiotics in the treatment of uncomplicated anogenital gonorrhoea. The participants will be divided in four groups and will receive either one of the three experimental antibiotics (ertapenem, fosfomycin and gentamicin) or the current standard antibiotic (ceftriaxone). Both the study team and the participant are blinded to the administered treatment. This enables the investigators to compare the eradication capacity and safety of the experimental antibiotics with the standard treatment.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) to extended spectrum cephalosporins (ESC) among Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ng) is a major public health concern. With no alternative antimicrobial treatment options for gonorrhoea and only a few new drugs in the development pipeline, it is important to test existing antibiotics for their efficacy in gonorrhoea treatment. This project aims to identify new treatment modalities for uncomplicated gonorrhoea using the registered drugs ertapenem, fosfomycin and gentamicin. This trial is a double blind randomized clinical non-inferiority trial with four treatment arms. Fivehunderd forty-eight participants are randomly assigned to one of four treatment arms. Participants will receive either ceftriaxone 500mg intramuscularly (IM) or ertapenem 1000mg IM or gentamicin 5mg/kg IM with a maximum of 400mg (in two doses) supplemented with an oral placebo, or receive fosfomycin 6g oral suspension supplemented with an intramuscular placebo. The bacterial eradication capacity of the study antimicrobials at the included infection site is measured 7-14 days after treatment, using an RNA-based Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (NAAT).
Ertapenem 1000 MG, Fosfomycin Oral Suspension, Gentamicin Sulfate, Injectable, Ceftriaxone
Public Health Service
Public Health Service of Amsterdam
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-09-28T04:38:22-0400
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Fosfomycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic with the activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens by inhibiting the bacterial cell wall synthesis. Given the potential therapeutic effi...
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Antibiotic produced by Micromonospora inyoensis. It is closely related to gentamicin C1A, one of the components of the gentamicin complex (GENTAMICINS).
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 18.104.22.168.
An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 22.214.171.124.
An enzyme that specifically cleaves the ester sulfate of iduronic acid. Its deficiency has been demonstrated in Hunter's syndrome, which is characterized by an excess of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate. EC 126.96.36.199.
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