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Men with infertility and normal hormone levels have few options for fertility treatment. Previous research suggests that men with infertility may have low levels of the active form of Vitamin A, called retinoic acid, in their testes. In a pilot study of 20 men with low numbers of sperm (<10 million motile sperm), roughly half the men showed improvement in sperm production. Thus, we want to see if retinoic acid administration to men with azoospermia (no sperm present) can initiate sperm production.
Twenty men with infertility, aged 21 - 60, due to azoospermia (no apparent sperm in the ejaculate on two separate occasions) will be enrolled in a single-arm pilot trial of daily oral therapy of 20 mg twice daily of 13-cis retinoic acid for 32 weeks. The impact of treatment on the appearance of sperm in the ejaculate will be determined by monthly semen analyses.
Male Infertility, Azoospermia
13-cis retinoic acid
University of Washington Medical Center
University of Washington
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-11-05T23:53:11-0500
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Proteins in the nucleus or cytoplasm that specifically bind RETINOIC ACID or RETINOL and trigger changes in the behavior of cells. Retinoic acid receptors, like steroid receptors, are ligand-activated transcription regulators. Several types have been recognized.
A cytochrome P450 enzyme that resides in the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. It catalyzes the conversion of trans-RETINOIC ACID to 4-hydroxyretinoic acid.
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
A type of male infertility in which no germ cells are visible in any of the biopsied SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES (type I) or in which germ cells are present in a minority of tubules (type II). Clinical features include AZOOSPERMIA, normal VIRILIZATION, and normal chromosomal complement.
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