2017-11-05 23:53:11 | BioPortfolio


We are trying to understand how insulin (a type of hormone in the body that regulates how the body regulates how one metabolizes protein and carbohydrates) and exercise alter proteins involved in energy production and metabolism in skeletal muscle.


(Aims 1-3) We are trying to understand how insulin (a type of hormone in the body that regulates how the body regulates how one metabolizes protein and carbohydrates) and exercise alter proteins involved in energy production and metabolism in skeletal muscle. By studying this, they hope to better understand the causes of insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes Insulin is a hormone that is produced normally in the body and causes blood sugar to return to normal after eating. Insulin resistance is a state when the body is not using insulin correctly, and more insulin is needed to keep blood sugar concentrations normal. Insulin resistance can lead to Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar levels are too high. Our studies may help to find out why some people develop Type 2 diabetes and how exercise may prevent this disease.

(Aim 4) We are asking patients from aims 1-3 to take part in this research study because they have high triglycerides that could be treated anyway with fibrates, and they do not have diabetes.

Triglycerides and cholesterol are the two main kinds of fat that are in blood. People who have high triglycerides have some health risks and are sometimes treated with drugs called "fibrates". This drug turns on a protein in ones body that controls the activity of some of the genes that make it easier for their liver to get rid of triglycerides. We think that maybe this same gene, in ones muscle, can lower the ability of genes in ones muscle to respond beneficially to exercise, but we don't know if this is true.

Study Design


Type2 Diabetes


The University of Arizona
United States




University of Arizona

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-11-05T23:53:11-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

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The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.


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