Effects on Respiratory Mechanics of Two Different Ventilation Strategies During Robotic-Gynecological Surgery

2017-11-14 01:46:09 | BioPortfolio

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-11-14T01:46:09-0500

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PubMed Articles [12756 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of two different ventilation strategies on Respiratory mechanics during Robotic-gynecological surgery.

It is unknown which is the best ventilatory approach in patients scheduled for gynecological robotic surgery in Deep Trendelenburg position in terms of respiratory mechanics. 40 patients were enrolled...

Helping students to understand physiological aspects of regional distribution of ventilation in humans: a experience from the electrical impedance tomography.

Undergraduate biomedical students often have difficulties in understanding basic concepts of respiratory physiology, particularly respiratory mechanics. In this study, we report the use of electrical ...

Relation Between Respiratory Mechanics, Inflammation, and Survival in Experimental Mechanical Ventilation.

Low tidal volume ventilation might protect healthy lungs from volutrauma but lead to inflammation from other mechanisms, namely alveolar derecruitment and the ensuing alveolar collapse and reexpansion...

Variable ventilation decreases airway responsiveness and improves ventilation efficiency in a rat model of asthma.

The optimal ventilation strategy in patients receiving mechanical ventilation for severe asthma remains unclear. The effect of conventional ventilation (with constant tidal volume and respiratory rate...

Prospective Assessment of the Feasibility of a Trial of Low Tidal Volume Ventilation for Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure.

Low tidal volume ventilation (LTVV, 6 mL/kg) benefits patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and may aid those with other causes of respiratory failure. Current early ventilation pra...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Respiratory support system used primarily with rates of about 100 to 200/min with volumes of from about one to three times predicted anatomic dead space. Used to treat respiratory failure and maintain ventilation under severe circumstances.

Specialized clothing or equipment worn for protection against health hazards. Personal Protective Equipment may include MASKS; RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES; HEAD PROTECTIVE DEVICES; EYE PROTECTIVE DEVICES; EAR PROTECTIVE DEVICES; PROTECTIVE CLOTHING; and protective footwear.

Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.

The branch of physics which deals with the motions of material bodies, including kinematics, dynamics, and statics. When the laws of mechanics are applied to living structures, as to the locomotor system, it is referred to as BIOMECHANICS. (From Dorland, 28th ed)

A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.

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