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Patients presenting to the emergency department with acute ischemic stroke, who are eligible for standard intravenous thrombolysis within 4.5 hours of stroke onset will be assessed for major vessel occlusion to determine their eligibility for randomization into the trial. If the patient gives informed consent they will be randomised 50:50 using central computerised allocation to either 0.4mg/kg or 0.25mg/kg intravenous tenecteplase before all participants undergo endovascular thrombectomy. The trial is prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded endpoint (PROBE) design.
The study will be a multicentre, prospective, randomized, open- label, blinded endpoint (PROBE), controlled phase 2 trial (2 arm with 1:1 randomization) in ischemic stroke patients.
Randomized patients will first be stratified by both the setting of treatment: metropolitan hospital vs regional hospital (>1 hour transfer to endovascular centre) vs mobile stroke unit; and by site of baseline arterial occlusion: Intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) and Basilar artery versus Middle cerebral artery (MCA - M1 and M2); overall resulting in six strata.
Imaging is performed with CT or MR (magnetic resonance) acutely as part of standard care with imaging follow-up at 18-30 hours. The sequences and the parameters used follow the STIR (Stroke Imaging Research) roadmap guidelines, but imaging takes place acutely and at 18- 30hrs only, as previously validated.
The sample size estimation was based on the proportion of pre-endovascular reperfusion observed in the 0.25mg/kg group from Part 1 of EXTEND-IA TNK (22%). An estimated total sample size of 188 patients (with 94 patients in each of treatment and control arms) yielded 80% power to detect a significant difference of 20% in strata-weighted angiographic reperfusion (mTICI 2b/3) at initial angiogram (22% in 0.25mg/kg vs 42% in 0.4mg/kg arm) at two-sided statistical significance threshold of p=0.05 for superiority. Adaptive increase in sample size will be performed if the result of interim analysis using data from the first 150 patients is promising, as per the methodology of Mehta and Pocock. The maximum sample size is capped at 656 patients.
Royal Prince Alfred Hospital
New South Wales
Not yet recruiting
Neuroscience Trials Australia
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-11-20T03:45:11-0500
Background: Alteplase is the only approved acute drug treatment in ischemic stroke and aims at dissolving arterial clots causing cerebral ischemia. The overall benefit of alteplase is subs...
This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of tenecteplase compared with placebo in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). All patients will receive standard-of-care therapy acco...
The purpose of this study is to determine which of 3 different doses of tenecteplase (TNK) is better for treating stroke patients and if TNK offers an advantage over currently available tr...
The principle research question is: in patients with acute ischaemic stroke eligible for IV thrombolysis, is tenecteplase superior in efficacy to alteplase, based on functional outcome as ...
The proposed trial is a pragmatic, registry based, prospective, randomized (1:1) controlled, open-label parallel group clinical trial with blinded endpoint assessment of 1600 patients to t...
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Early evaluation and management of patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) and nonsevere ischemic stroke improves outcomes.
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The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.
A drug combination of aspirin and dipyridamole that functions as a PLATELET AGGREGATION INHIBITOR, used to prevent THROMBOSIS and STROKE in TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK patients.
Ischemic injury to the OPTIC NERVE which usually affects the OPTIC DISK (optic neuropathy, anterior ischemic) and less frequently the retrobulbar portion of the nerve (optic neuropathy, posterior ischemic). The injury results from occlusion of arterial blood supply which may result from TEMPORAL ARTERITIS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; COLLAGEN DISEASES; EMBOLISM; DIABETES MELLITUS; and other conditions. The disease primarily occurs in the sixth decade or later and presents with the sudden onset of painless and usually severe monocular visual loss. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy also features optic disk edema with microhemorrhages. The optic disk appears normal in posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. (Glaser, Neuro-Ophthalmology, 2nd ed, p135)
Restoration of functions to the maximum degree possible in a person or persons suffering from a stroke.
Restoration of blood supply to tissue which is ischemic due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or surgical clamping. It is primarily a procedure for treating infarction or other ischemia, by enabling viable ischemic tissue to recover, thus limiting further necrosis. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage the ischemic tissue, causing REPERFUSION INJURY.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Stroke - Cerebrovascular Disease (CVA)
A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Strokes are a medical emergency and prompt treatment is essential because the sooner a person receives treatment for a stroke, the less damage is ...