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Effects of Alpha Lipoic Acid Supplementation on Metabolic Syndrome Markers in Young Overweight or Obese Males

2017-11-21 04:23:08 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Eight weeks supplementation of alpha lipoic acid (known superantioxidant already produced by the body) will significantly improve metabolic syndrome markers (e.g., excess body weight, blood pressure, glucose, insulin, blood lipids, and self-report measures) in young (18-25 years) overweight or obese males compared to placebo (cellulose starch). If the hypothesis is supported, alpha lipoic acid ingestion could be beneficial in reducing disease risk and enhancing metabolic dysfunction in ethnic individuals. Therefore, the purpose is to establish the impact alpha lipoic acid has on the modifiable markers associated with metabolic perturbations consistent with metabolic syndrome in males.

Description

Young adults exhibit an increasing prevalence of obesity, pre-diabetes, and metabolic syndrome that contribute to increased risk of type II diabetes and cardiovascular heart disease later in life. Twenty five percent of American adults have been diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, whereas the prevalence increases to 30 % in Mexican American adults between 30-70 years old. The risk in this population may be higher based on ethnicity and the rising obesity rates in young adults and children, although the definition of metabolic syndrome in younger age has yet to be established. Factors causing metabolic syndrome are complex but include a physically inactive lifestyle, an unhealthy diet made up of saturated fat and processed foods, and inherited influences. Therefore identifying the need to intervene early with a dietary intervention in order to combat the risk for future disease is vital. It is hypothesized that 8 weeks supplementation of alpha lipoic acid (known superantioxidant already produced by the body) will significantly improve metabolic syndrome markers (e.g., excess body weight, blood pressure, glucose, insulin, blood lipids, and self-report measures) in young (18-25 years) overweight or obese males compared to placebo (cellulose starch). If the hypothesis is supported, alpha lipoic acid ingestion could be beneficial in reducing disease risk and enhancing metabolic dysfunction in young individuals. Therefore, the purpose is to establish the impact alpha lipoic acid has on the modifiable markers associated with metabolic perturbations consistent with metabolic syndrome in males.

Study Design

Conditions

Metabolic Syndrome

Intervention

Alpha Lipoic Acid Supplement, Placebo

Location

University of La Verne Kinesiology Laboratory
La Verne
California
United States
91750

Status

Completed

Source

University of La Verne

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-11-21T04:23:08-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

(9 alpha,11 alpha,13E,15S)-9,11,15-Trihydroxyprost-13-en-1-oic acid (PGF(1 alpha)); (5Z,9 alpha,11,alpha,13E,15S)-9,11,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13-dien-1-oic acid (PGF(2 alpha)); (5Z,9 alpha,11 alpha,13E,15S,17Z)-9,11,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13,17-trien-1-oic acid (PGF(3 alpha)). A family of prostaglandins that includes three of the six naturally occurring prostaglandins. All naturally occurring PGF have an alpha configuration at the 9-carbon position. They stimulate uterine and bronchial smooth muscle and are often used as oxytocics.

A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)

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A dicarboxylic acid ketone that is an important metabolic intermediate of the CITRIC ACID CYCLE. It can be converted to ASPARTIC ACID by ASPARTATE TRANSAMINASE.

A LIPOIC ACID-containing protein that plays the pivotal role in the transfer of methylamine groups and reducing equivalents between the three enzymatic components of the glycine decarboxylase complex.

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