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Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is the most frequent neurodegenerative disease associated with dementia, with a constantly increasing prevalence associated with an aging population. Amyloid deposition is considered the first molecular event occurring in AD: as already showed in an animal model, a low-dose radiotherapy (RT) course is capable of reducing AD-associated amyloid-β plaques and improve cognitive function. This pilot study wishes to investigate in 10 patients with a diagnosis of prodromal or early probable AD and with evidence of amyloid pathology the effectiveness of a short course low dose RT radiotherapy to reduce amyloid deposits in the human brain using molecular imaging (18F-Florbetapir) to show the effectiveness of the treatment on the specific target.
Low dose radiotherapy
Geneva University Hospital
University Hospital, Geneva
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-12-02T07:17:10-0500
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Alzheimer's disease swept every corner of the globe and the number of patients worldwide has been rising. At present, there are as many as 30 million people with Alzheimer's disease in the world, and ...
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Amyloid plaque and tau-containing neurofibrillary tangles are important features of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the relationship between these processes is still debated.
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The current oligometastatic (OM) model postulates the disease evolves dynamically with Sequential emergence of OM (SOM) lesions requiring successive rounds of SOM ablation (SOMA) to afford tumor cure....
Radiotherapy where there is improved dose homogeneity within the tumor and reduced dosage to uninvolved structures. The precise shaping of dose distribution is achieved via the use of computer-controlled multileaf collimators.
CONFORMAL RADIOTHERAPY that combines several intensity-modulated beams to provide improved dose homogeneity and highly conformal dose distributions.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
Abnormal structures located chiefly in distal dendrites and, along with NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES and SENILE PLAQUES, constitute the three morphological hallmarks of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. Neuropil threads are made up of straight and paired helical filaments which consist of abnormally phosphorylated microtubule-associated tau proteins. It has been suggested that the threads have a major role in the cognitive impairment seen in Alzheimer disease.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent or treat ALZHEIMER DISEASE.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Dementia describes a range of symptoms of cognitive decline. For example memory loss, problems with reasoning and communication skills, and a reduction in a person's abilities and skills in carrying out daily activities. There are about 820,000 peo...
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...