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Vitamin D In the Prevention of Viral-induced Asthma in Preschoolers

2017-12-13 08:34:08 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In this 7-month randomized controlled trial, children aged 1 to less than 6 years, with recurrent asthma attacks triggered mostly by colds, will receive a high dose of vitamin D or a placebo every 3.5 months during their usual clinic visit, and a daily supplement of vitamin D or a placebo. This study will test whether children in vitamin D group have less frequent and less severe asthma exacerbations compared with those receiving placebo.The study will also document the safety profile of this strategy.

Description

This is a multicenter triple-blind randomized parallel-group, placebo-controlled trial of vitamin D3 supplementation. Children aged 1-5 (<6) years with physician-diagnosed asthma predominantly triggered by upper respiratory tract infection will be screened for enrolment in paediatric asthma, respiratory or allergy clinics and the ED departments and randomized between Sept 1 to November 30, annually (4 recruitment years).

Using a computer-generated random list, stratified by site, children will be allocated (1:1) using permuted block randomisation method to enhance concealment.

Children will be followed for 7 months, with 3 visits every 3.5 months with repeated urine (for calcium:creatinine ratio) and blood samples. In addition, ten (10) days after each bolus, urine will be sampled for urinary calcium:creatinine ratio. In case of elevated urine calcium:creatinine ratio, a blood sample may be needed primarily for markers of calcium metabolism and exploratory outcomes. Only patients enrolled at CHU Sainte-Justine and Montreal Children's Hospital will receive a systematic home visit 10 days after first bolus for both urine and blood samples. There will be 7 follow-up phone calls, at week 1 and then monthly, to inquire about exacerbations and URTIs, remind parents to complete questionnaires and to collect a nasal swab at each exacerbation and screen for adverse events.

The main outcome is the number of courses of rescue oral corticosteroids (OCS) per child during the study period. Several secondary outcomes will be documented using biological samples and validated questionnaires to ascertain laboratory-confirmed respiratory infections, intensity and severity of exacerbations, de-intensification of preventive asthma therapy, cost effectiveness, and safety profile. A sample of 432 per arm (400+7.5% attrition) per arm will provide 80% power with a two-tailed alpha of 5% to detect a 25% relative reduction in the number of exacerbations requiring OCS per child.

An intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis will be carried out with all randomised children.

Study Design

Conditions

Asthma

Intervention

Vitamin D, Placebo

Location

Alberta Children's Hospital
Calgary
Alberta
Canada
T3B 6A9

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

St. Justine's Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-12-13T08:34:08-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)

OXIDOREDUCTASES which mediate vitamin K metabolism by converting inactive vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to active vitamin K.

A family of phylloquinones that contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and an isoprenoid side chain. Members of this group of vitamin K 1 have only one double bond on the proximal isoprene unit. Rich sources of vitamin K 1 include green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Vitamin K1 has antihemorrhagic and prothrombogenic activity.

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN E in the diet, characterized by posterior column and spinocerebellar tract abnormalities, areflexia, ophthalmoplegia, and disturbances of gait, proprioception, and vibration. In premature infants vitamin E deficiency is associated with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytosis, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage, and increasing risk of retrolental fibroplasia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. An apparent inborn error of vitamin E metabolism, named familial isolated vitamin E deficiency, has recently been identified. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1181)

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