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Interest of Oxygenated Hypothermic Perfusion (PHO) in Preservation of Hepatic Grafts From Expanded Criteria Donors

2017-12-26 11:56:11 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Interest of oxygenated hypothermic perfusion in preservation of hepatic grafts from expanded criteria donors.

Description

The excellent results of liver transplantation (LT) have led to a significant increase in the number of patients awaiting transplantation. At the same time, the number of grafts remains stable. To extend the donor pool, the use of Extended Criteria Donor (ECD) donors graft increased each year despite the fact that these graft are known to be more vulnerable to ischemia-reperfusion injuries induced by cold storage preservation (CS). Their use is therefore associated with a greater risk of postoperative dysfunction of the graft. This risk can be reduced by improving preservation quality.

The preservation by hypothermic oxygenated perfusion (HOPE) consists of keeping the graft in hypothermia (4 to 12 °C) on an machine perfusion (MP) using a specific solution, saturated with oxygen. In kidney transplantation, the use of MP has been shown to improve graft function as well as graft survival, especially for ECD grafts.

In liver transplantation, experimental studies on animal models have demonstrated the superiority of HOPE over CS regarding graft function and survival. These results have been confirmed in humans on small retrospective series.

As HOPE is an expensive procedure, obtaining evidence of its effectiveness could result in a reimbursement of the additional cost.

Study Design

Conditions

Hepatocellular Injury

Intervention

Hypothermic oxygenated perfusion (HOPE), Conventional cold storage

Location

CHU de Rennes
Rennes
France
35033

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Rennes University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-12-26T11:56:11-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The chilling of a tissue or organ during decreased BLOOD perfusion or in the absence of blood supply. Cold ischemia time during ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION begins when the organ is cooled with a cold perfusion solution after ORGAN PROCUREMENT surgery, and ends after the tissue reaches physiological temperature during implantation procedures. WARM ISCHEMIA TIME starts then and ends with completion of SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS.

Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.

Belief in a positive outcome.

A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive cold. In humans, a fall in skin temperature triggers gasping, hypertension, and hyperventilation.

A condition characterized by the recurrence of HEMOGLOBINURIA caused by intravascular HEMOLYSIS. In cases occurring upon cold exposure (paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria), usually after infections, there is a circulating antibody which is also a cold hemolysin. In cases occurring during or after sleep (paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria), the clonal hematopoietic stem cells exhibit a global deficiency of cell membrane proteins.

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