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Early Mitral ValvE Repair Versus Watchful Waiting for Asymptomatic SEvere Degenerative Mitral Regurgitation

2018-01-10 09:10:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) due to leaflet prolapse is frequent and can be surgically repaired in the vast majority of patients. Despite the efficacy of mitral valve repair, an ongoing international controversy exists regarding the need to perform early surgery in asymptomatic patients with severe MR and no sign of LV dysfunction in whom the probability of successful and durable repair is very high. In this group of patients, differing views of the risks of uncorrected severe MR exist: considered as benign by those supporting medical "watchful waiting" or associated with significant excess mortality/morbidity by those advocating early surgery. This controversy can only be resolved by a randomized controlled trial which is still lacking.

The main objective is to demonstrate the superiority of early mitral valve repair in patients with asymptomatic severe MR due to leaflet prolapse compared to an initial conservative management in terms of all-cause death and cardiovascular morbidity during five years follow-up.

Description

Experimental group: In patients randomized to early mitral valve repair, surgery will be performed within 3 months after randomization. Clinical interview will be performed at discharge, at 6 months and afterwards yearly until the end of follow-up. Echocardiography will be performed at discharge, at 6 months and at the end of follow-up.

Control group: Patients randomized to initial conservative management will be followed up by clinical interview and echocardiography every 6 months. Patients will be instructed to report any change in functional status in a prompt manner. Surgery will be indicated at the onset of symptoms or if one or more of the following occur during follow-up: LV end-systolic diameter >40mm, LV ejection fraction <60%, recurrent atrial fibrillation, or resting systolic pulmonary artery pressure >50mmHg.

Study Design

Conditions

Degenerative Mitral Regurgitation (MR) Due to Leaflet Prolapse

Intervention

Surgery, Clinical interview and echocardiography

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Amiens

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-01-10T09:10:12-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.

Echocardiography amplified by the addition of depth to the conventional two-dimensional ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY visualizing only the length and width of the heart. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging was first described in 1961 but its application to echocardiography did not take place until 1974. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)

A type of heart valve surgery that involves the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of the annulus of the MITRAL VALVE. It includes shortening the circumference of the annulus to improve valve closing capacity and reinforcing the annulus as a step in more complex valve repairs.

A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.

Abnormal protrusion or billowing of one or both of the leaflets of MITRAL VALVE into the LEFT ATRIUM during SYSTOLE. This allows the backflow of blood into left atrium leading to MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY; SYSTOLIC MURMURS; or CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA.

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