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Quantification of Nerve Stiffness in Neuropathies

2018-01-19 11:17:09 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This project aims to understand how nerve mechanical properties are altered in patients with rare peripheral neuropathies . Stiffness of various peripheral nerves will be measured using ultrasound shear wave elastography. Patients will be compared with age-matched controls.

Description

The following nerve will be studied bilaterally, in a randomised order: Median, ulnar, Radial, Sciatic and Tibial.

Participants will be asked to remain relaxed during elastography measurements.

Study Design

Conditions

Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy

Intervention

elastography measurements

Location

Univeristy of Nantes
Nantes
France
44093

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Nantes University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-01-19T11:17:09-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Diseases characterized by injury or dysfunction involving multiple peripheral nerves and nerve roots. The process may primarily affect myelin or nerve axons. Two of the more common demyelinating forms are acute inflammatory polyradiculopathy (GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME) and POLYRADICULONEUROPATHY, CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY DEMYELINATING. Polyradiculoneuritis refers to inflammation of multiple peripheral nerves and spinal nerve roots.

A diffuse or multifocal peripheral neuropathy related to the remote effects of a neoplasm, most often carcinoma or lymphoma. Pathologically, there are inflammatory changes in peripheral nerves. The most common clinical presentation is a symmetric distal mixed sensorimotor polyneuropathy. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1334)

A slowly progressive autoimmune demyelinating disease of peripheral nerves and nerve roots. Clinical manifestations include weakness and sensory loss in the extremities and enlargement of peripheral nerves. The course may be relapsing-remitting or demonstrate a step-wise progression. Protein is usually elevated in the spinal fluid and cranial nerves are typically spared. GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME features a relatively rapid progression of disease which distinguishes it from this condition. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1337)

Diseases of multiple peripheral nerves simultaneously. Polyneuropathies usually are characterized by symmetrical, bilateral distal motor and sensory impairment with a graded increase in severity distally. The pathological processes affecting peripheral nerves include degeneration of the axon, myelin or both. The various forms of polyneuropathy are categorized by the type of nerve affected (e.g., sensory, motor, or autonomic), by the distribution of nerve injury (e.g., distal vs. proximal), by nerve component primarily affected (e.g., demyelinating vs. axonal), by etiology, or by pattern of inheritance.

Damage to any compartment of the lung caused by physical, chemical, or biological agents which characteristically elicit inflammatory reaction. These inflammatory reactions can either be acute and dominated by NEUTROPHILS, or chronic and dominated by LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.

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