Advertisement

Topics

Bedside Ultrasound in Detection of Pneumothorax Post Transthoracic Lung Biopsy

2018-01-19 11:17:09 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Currently chest X-ray (CXR) is the modality used to assess for pneumothorax after transthoracic lung biopsy at the Ottawa Hospital. Recently bedside Ultrasound (US) has become a useful rapid imaging modality to assess chest for pneumothorax in emergency rooms with reported sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy were 88%, 97% and 97%, respectively (ref. 2).

Our team will be comparing the diagnostic accuracy of US to CXR in diagnoses of pneumothorax post transthoracic lung biopsy.

The purpose of the study is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of US to CXR post-biopsy to confirm the presence of a pneumothorax.

Description

Hypothesis:

US have sensitivity and specificity equal or better than CXR to exclude pneumothorax after transthoracic lung biopsy.

Clinical relevance:

Pneumothorax is a well-known complication of image-guided transthoracic biopsy of lung lesions. The incidence of pneumothorax in patients undergoing TTNB has been reported to be from 9% to 54% (ref. 3). Most of the time, the pneumothorax is small and requires no further intervention other than observation and a repeat CXR to ensure stability or resolution of the pneumothorax. In small group of patients with detected pneumothorax after biopsy, the pneumothorax is either large or becomes larger (more than 2 cm width at the level of the hilum) during observation. In these cases, a small pleural drainage catheter will be inserted to prevent the lung from collapsing. The catheter will be removed in 2 days. Detection of pneumothorax post biopsy is important to prevent possible lung collapse after discharge and currently is done by obtaining a CXR, 30 minutes after the biopsy.

Obtaining a CXR, requires moving the patient on stretcher to the X-ray room, bringing the patient to upright position, patient holds breath. An X-ray technologist obtains the CXR which will be reviewed by a Radiologist when it becomes available on work station. Then the Radiologist revisits the patient and orders the discharge.

Detection of pneumothorax by US is feasible and compare to current practice with CXR, is faster and do not need moving and repositioning the patient, therefore, more convenient. It can be easily performed at the time of clinical assessment prior to discharge.

Study design/ Methodology:

- All patients coming for lung biopsy will be invited to participate in this study. Information about the one additional US at the time of their biopsy and routine CXR will be explained to the patient by either thoracic radiology fellow or staff radiologist.

- For those who agree to participate, informed Consent will be obtained by the same people mentioned above.

- There will be no change in clinical assessment or decision to discharge the patient after biopsy.

- US will be performed by a trained staff radiologist or thoracic fellow.

Study Design

Conditions

Pneumothorax

Intervention

Ultrasound (US) Imaging

Location

Hamid Bayanati
Ottawa
Ontario
Canada
K1Y 4E9

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-01-19T11:17:09-0500

Clinical Trials [1230 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Use of Endobronchial Ultrasound Scope (EBUS) Transducer to Identify Pneumothorax-A Feasibility Study

Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a technique that uses ultrasound along with bronchoscope to visualize airway wall and structures adjacent to it. Pneumothorax is a known complication fro...

Comparison Of Chest Ultrasound Techniques To Identify Clinically Significant Pneumothorax

Patients with chest trauma undergo ultrasound to detect a collapsed lung. Two techniques have been described. A single view for each hemi-thorax, and multiple views for each hemithorax. Th...

Lung Ultrasound for the Postoperative Diagnosis of Pneumothorax in Children

This study will be conducted to determine the advantages and limitations of sonography compared with chest radiography, in the detection of post procedure iatrogenic pneumothorax in patien...

Are EMS Personnel Prepared to Identify and Decompression of Tension Pneumothorax

The study aims to determine the level of knowledge and skills to recognize and decompression of tension pneumothorax

Determination of Pneumothorax Post Lung Biopsy

Bedside ultrasonography for detection of pneumothorax after transbronchial lung biopsies in lung transplant patients

PubMed Articles [7582 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Lung Ultrasound to Detect Residual Pneumothorax After Chest Drain Removal in Lung Resections.

Indication for post-drain removal imaging after lung resection is debated. Chest x-ray (CXR) is widely used to confirm lung expansion but not evidence-based. We propose to introduce lung ultrasound (L...

Ultrasound Imaging Technologies for Breast Cancer Detection and Management: A Review.

Ultrasound imaging is a commonly used modality for breast cancer detection and diagnosis. In this review, we summarize ultrasound imaging technologies and their clinical applications for the managemen...

Recent technological advancements in cardiac ultrasound imaging.

About 92.1 million Americans suffer from at least one type of cardiovascular disease. Worldwide, cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of death (about 31% of all global deaths). Recent tech...

Endometriosis and Imaging.

Endometriosis is a condition with variable location, size, and lesion composition which poses a diagnostic imaging challenge for the practicing gynecologist. Transvaginal ultrasound and magnetic reson...

Hand-held Clinical Photoacoustic Imaging System for Real-time Non-invasive Small Animal Imaging.

Translation of photoacoustic imaging into the clinic is a major challenge. Handheld real-time clinical photoacoustic imaging systems are very rare. Here, we report a combined photoacoustic and clinica...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.

The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.

An accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathological process, or be introduced deliberately ( = PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL). (Dorland, 27th ed)

Non-invasive imaging methods based on the mechanical response of an object to a vibrational or impulsive force. It is used for determining the viscoelastic properties of tissue, and thereby differentiating soft from hard inclusions in tissue such as microcalcifications, and some cancer lesions. Most techniques use ultrasound to create the images - eliciting the response with an ultrasonic radiation force and/or recording displacements of the tissue by Doppler ultrasonography.

Use of ultrasound for imaging the breast. The most frequent application is the diagnosis of neoplasms of the female breast.

More From BioPortfolio on "Bedside Ultrasound in Detection of Pneumothorax Post Transthoracic Lung Biopsy"

Quick Search
Advertisement

 

Searches Linking to this Trial