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Young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV. Despite this burden, most HIV prevention interventions target adult MSM (most of whom identify as gay) and heterosexual youth, creating an urgent need for interventions for gay and bisexual adolescents. Further, self-identified bisexual men, especially adolescents, have been neglected in research. Therefore, little is known about factors that drive engagement in risk behavior among self-identified bisexual adolescent men. The goals of this study are to: (1) examine factors that drive engagement in HIV risk behavior and substance use among self-identified bisexual adolescent men; and (2) develop and pilot test a tailored HIV and substance use prevention intervention for this population.
Young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV. Despite this burden, most HIV prevention interventions target adult MSM (most of whom identify as gay) and heterosexual youth, creating an urgent need for interventions for gay and bisexual adolescents. Further, self-identified bisexual men, especially adolescents, have been neglected in research. This is a critical problem because: (1) there are as many, if not more, bisexual adolescent men than gay adolescent men; (2) bisexual adolescent men engage in several HIV risk behaviors more than their gay peers; (3) bisexual adolescent men are at increased risk for substance use-a robust risk factor for HIV; and (4) bisexual men face unique HIV prevention issues. Given that bisexual men are rarely included in research and most existing research on them focuses on "behaviorally bisexual" adult men, little is known about factors that drive engagement in risk behavior among self-identified bisexual adolescent men. Attending to bisexual identity is critical to reducing HIV and substance use, because bisexuality is highly stigmatized and stigma-related stressors (e.g., concerns about disclosing one's bisexual identity) impact sexual behavior, substance use, and healthcare utilization. Interventions are also more effective when tailored to populations, underscoring the need for an intervention for self-identified bisexual adolescent men. The goals of this study are to: (1) examine factors that drive engagement in HIV risk behavior and substance use among self-identified bisexual adolescent men; and (2) develop and pilot test a tailored HIV and substance use prevention intervention for this population. In Phase 1, interviews will be conducted with 60 diverse self-identified bisexual adolescent men ages 14-17 focused on sexual identity, sexual decision-making, substance use motivations, and intervention preferences/barriers. In Phase 2, a tailored intervention will be developed using findings from Phase 1. In Phase 3, feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy will be tested in a pilot randomized trial (N = 60) with a waitlist control and one-month follow-up. In sum, self-identified bisexual adolescent men are at increased risk for HIV and substance use, but little is known about factors that drive their engagement in risk behavior. By focusing on self-identified bisexual adolescent men-an underrepresented, health disparity population-this study can identify prevention targets and reduce disparities in HIV and substance use.
HIV and substance use prevention
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-01-30T13:26:13-0500
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To test the effectiveness of a single 20-30 minute motivational interviewing-based brief intervention for substance use within HIV/AIDS settings.
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A prodromal phase of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Laboratory criteria separating AIDS-related complex (ARC) from AIDS include elevated or hyperactive B-cell humoral immune responses, compared to depressed or normal antibody reactivity in AIDS; follicular or mixed hyperplasia in ARC lymph nodes, leading to lymphocyte degeneration and depletion more typical of AIDS; evolving succession of histopathological lesions such as localization of Kaposi's sarcoma, signaling the transition to the full-blown AIDS.
Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.
The prevention of recurrences or exacerbations of a disease that already has been diagnosed. This also includes prevention of complications or after-effects of a drug or surgical procedure.
Immunologic tests for identification of HIV (HTLV-III/LAV) antibodies. They include assays for HIV SEROPOSITIVITY and HIV SERONEGATIVITY; (ELISA, immunofluorescence, immunoblot, etc.) that have been developed for screening persons carrying the viral antibody from patients with overt symptoms of AIDS or AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX.
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Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...