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Arkansas has one of the highest rates for food insecurity and 27.7% of children in the University of Arkansas area are food insecure. In addition, more than 14% of children ages 2-4 are obese and 20% of children ages 10-17 are obese. In Northwest Arkansas, the area surrounding the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville (Washington County), the food insecurity rate for adults is 17.9% (an estimated 34,730 individuals) and the food insecurity rate for children under 17 years of age is 24.4% (12,150 individuals). In addition, the surrounding counties have similar food insecurity rates (This makes Northwest Arkansas an ideal location to conduct a pilot study focusing on egg supplementation, childhood obesity, and food insecurity (http://www.feedingamerica.org/hunger-in-america/our-research/map-the-meal-gap).
University of Arkansas
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-01-31T14:05:10-0500
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Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the fortified food. The supplementation of cereals with iron and vitamins is an example of fortified food. Fortified food includes also enriched food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those essential nutrients removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.
Exposure of FOOD to radioactive substances, distinguishable from FOOD IRRADIATION, a food preservation technique.
A reference measure of food used to identify the calorie and nutrient content in a particular amount of that food. It is defined by an authoritative source, such as the Food Guide Pyramid devised by the UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. It is different from PORTION SIZE, which is the amount of food one chooses to eat at a single meal.
A quantitative value of a measured amount of a specific food that is equal to the GLYCEMIC INDEX of that food multiplied by the carbohydrate content of that food.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...