The Prevalence of Chronic Pain and Continued Opioid Use After Cardiac Surgery

2018-01-31 14:05:11 | BioPortfolio


The authors propose to evaluate the prevalence of chronic post-operative pain (CPOP) and continued opioid use in the population that has undergone cardiac surgery at the Montreal Heart Institute. In addition, the authors wish to evaluate the presence of known risk factors for CPOP in this population.


This study will use a 15-minute telephone survey to prospectively evaluate the prevalence and intensity of chronic pain 6 months and 1 year after cardiac surgery. Data on the level of post-operative pain experienced on days 1 to 4, at the time of surgery, as well as opioid consumption, adjuvant pain treatments and other variables of interest that are currently recorded prospectively at time of surgery will be culled from patient charts. Additionally, the possibility of continued opioid use by patients at 6 months post-surgery will be evaluated.

Study Design


Chronic Pain




Montreal Heart Institute
H1T 1C8




Montreal Heart Institute

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-01-31T14:05:11-0500

Clinical Trials [2587 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of Motor Imagery and Action Observation Training on Pain Perception in Patients With Chronic Neck Pain

This study evaluates the influence of motor imagery or action observation training on pain perception in patients with chronic neck pain. Perception of pain will be measured by the pain pr...

Effects of Motor Imagery and Action Observation Training on Neck Reposition Sense in Patients With Chronic Neck Pain

This study evaluates the influence of motor imagery or action observation training on joint position error in patients with chronic neck pain. This variable is a measure of proprioception ...

Action Observation Training in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain

The study is a single-blind controlled randomized clinical trial.

Validation of the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) in the Greek Population

The aim of this study is to validate the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) in the setting of the Intensive care unit (ICU). Prior to patient recruitment the tool will be translate...

Effect of Intrathecal Morphine on Chronic Pain After Elective Caesarean Section

The incidence of chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) after caesarean section (CS) is reported to be as high as 18%, reflecting it to be a significant clinical problem. Studies related to pre...

PubMed Articles [11100 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Chronic pain in adults with sickle cell disease is associated with alterations in functional connectivity of the brain.

Chronic pain affects 50% of adults with sickle cell disease (SCD). Although central sensitization is thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of this chronic pain, no studies have examined difference...

Social support buffers the negative influence of perceived injustice on pain interference in people living with HIV and chronic pain.

A growing literature attests to the overwhelming prevalence of disabling chronic pain among people living with HIV (PLWH), yet very little is known about psychosocial contributors to poor chronic pain...

Anesthesia and Chronic Pain Management.

The reasons for development of chronic pain are poorly understood. Chronic postoperative pain is linked to severe acute postoperative pain. Head and neck pain is often a complex phenomenon that requir...

Special considerations in conducting clinical trials of chronic pain management interventions in children and adolescents and their families.

Disabling chronic pain is a common experience for children and adolescents. However, the evidence base for chronic pain interventions for youth is extremely limited, which has hindered the development...

Long-term naturalistic follow-up of chronic pain in adults with prescription opioid use disorder.

Chronic pain is common in patients with prescription opioid use disorder (OUD), and pain severity has been shown to predict opioid use for those with chronic pain. However, recent research suggests th...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.

The act of regarding attentively and studying facts and occurrences, gathering data through analyzing, measuring, and drawing conclusions, with the purpose of applying the observed information to theoretical assumptions. Observation as a scientific method in the acquisition of knowledge began in classical antiquity; in modern science and medicine its greatest application is facilitated by modern technology. Observation is one of the components of the research process.

Facilities providing diagnostic, therapeutic, and palliative services for patients with severe chronic pain. These may be free-standing clinics or hospital-based and serve ambulatory or inpatient populations. The approach is usually multidisciplinary. These clinics are often referred to as "acute pain services". (From Br Med Bull 1991 Jul;47(3):762-85)

Aching sensation that persists for more than a few months. It may or may not be associated with trauma or disease, and may persist after the initial injury has healed. Its localization, character, and timing are more vague than with acute pain.

Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.

More From BioPortfolio on "The Prevalence of Chronic Pain and Continued Opioid Use After Cardiac Surgery"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...

Surgical treatments
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...

Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine.  Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...

Searches Linking to this Trial