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Human Blood Specimen Collection to Evaluate Immune Cell Function

2018-02-08 15:52:10 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Natural killer (NK) cells are leukocytes of the innate immune system and play a central role in the control of cancer metastases. NK cells and other innate immune cells often do not function well in patients with cancer and are also profoundly suppressed after cancer surgery. Dr. Auer's Lab and others have shown that NK cells are critically important in the clearance of tumor metastases and that their impairment can be recovered with immune therapy augmenting the innate immune system. Several studies suggest that cancer patients have depressed NK cell cytotoxicity as compared to healthy controls but that following resection of the cancer, NK cell cytotoxicity returns to normal levels. In this observational study, the investigators will measure NK cell cytotoxicity by the gold standard method (51Cr, a chromium51 release assay) and by a new interferon-ɣ (IFN-ɣ) based assay (NK-Vue™) in healthy humans and colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery patients seen a The Ottawa Hospital. The results of this study will determine if the NK-Vue™ is able to discriminate between healthy human volunteers and newly diagnosed cancer patients and is sufficiently sensitive to detect transient NK cell suppression immediately following surgery.

Description

Rationale:

The purpose of this program is to obtain consent for and to outline the process for collection of fresh blood sample from healthy humans and colorectal cancer patients before and after surgical resection.

Procurement of fresh human blood is required for the following:

- To compare NK cell function, measured by two different assays, in healthy humans and newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients at the Ottawa Hospital.

- To compare NK cell function, measure by two different assays in colorectal surgery patients preoperatively and at various time points postoperatively.

Study Design

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

Natural Killer Cell Activity Assay

Location

The Ottawa Hospital
Ottawa
Ontario
Canada
K1H 8L6

Status

Recruiting

Source

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-02-08T15:52:10-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Bone marrow-derived lymphocytes that possess cytotoxic properties, classically directed against transformed and virus-infected cells. Unlike T CELLS; and B CELLS; NK CELLS are not antigen specific. The cytotoxicity of natural killer cells is determined by the collective signaling of an array of inhibitory and stimulatory CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS. A subset of T-LYMPHOCYTES referred to as NATURAL KILLER T CELLS shares some of the properties of this cell type.

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