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Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-02-22T19:05:22-0500
Dexmedetomidine, highly selective agonist for alpha-2 receptors, enhances the sensory and motor block with prolonged postoperative analgesia without hemodynamic compromise. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine during procedure was known to be associated prolonged duration of spinal anesthesia. In patients receiving dexmedetomidine infusion during procedure...
In this study the investigators aim to determine the analgesic effect and side effects of intrathecal fentanyl and dexmedetomidine as adjuvant to local anesthetics in pediatric patients un...
To determine if the epidural route provide an acceptable analgesia in spine surgeries and avoided the need for excessive IV analgesics. Also to determine whatever dexmedetomidine or fentan...
The investigators aimed to investigate the effects of pretreatment with different doses of dexmedetomidine on the cough caused by fentanyl during anesthetic induction. Patients undergoing...
Postoperatively, transplant recipients receive immunosuppressants, as well as sedatives and analgesics. The immunomodulatory effects of these other agents during the induction period following transpl...
To compare cardiovascular function and response to nociception during total intravenous anaesthesia in pigs with propofol, ketamine and either dexmedetomidine or fentanyl administered as a continuous ...
In patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia, we compared the postoperative analgesic effect of intraoperative sedation with dexmedetomidine versus propofol. We hypothesized ...
Postanesthesia emergence delirium is a motor agitation state complicating pediatric anesthesia. We investigated the efficacy of dexmedetomidine in reducing emergence delirium in children undergoing to...
Local infiltrations and regional blocks have been some of the effective ways employed to manage and control post-operative pain. One of the limitations of administration of local anesthesia drugs in p...
A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)
Abnormally slow pace of regaining CONSCIOUSNESS after general anesthesia (ANESTHESIA, GENERAL) usually given during surgical procedures. This condition is characterized by persistent somnolence.
Inhalation anesthesia where the gases exhaled by the patient are rebreathed as some carbon dioxide is simultaneously removed and anesthetic gas and oxygen are added so that no anesthetic escapes into the room. Closed-circuit anesthesia is used especially with explosive anesthetics to prevent fires where electrical sparking from instruments is possible.
Epidural anesthesia administered via the sacral canal.