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Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-02-22T19:05:22-0500
Dexmedetomidine, highly selective agonist for alpha-2 receptors, enhances the sensory and motor block with prolonged postoperative analgesia without hemodynamic compromise. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine during procedure was known to be associated prolonged duration of spinal anesthesia. In patients receiving dexmedetomidine infusion during procedure...
In this study the investigators aim to determine the analgesic effect and side effects of intrathecal fentanyl and dexmedetomidine as adjuvant to local anesthetics in pediatric patients un...
To determine if the epidural route provide an acceptable analgesia in spine surgeries and avoided the need for excessive IV analgesics. Also to determine whatever dexmedetomidine or fentan...
The investigators aimed to investigate the effects of pretreatment with different doses of dexmedetomidine on the cough caused by fentanyl during anesthetic induction. Patients undergoing...
Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA; Bier block) is commonly used to anesthetize an extremity for surgery. Limitations of the procedure include pain from the required tourniquet, the toxicity that c...
The depth of dexmedetomidine-induced sedation is difficult to assess without arousing the patient. We evaluated frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) as an objective measure of dexmedetomidine-induced se...
The effect of intravenous dexamethasone on the regression of sensory and motor block after isobaric bupivacaine spinal anesthesia is unknown. We conducted a prospective, double-blind, randomized contr...
Dexmedetomidine can inhibit the perioperative stress response, which plays an important role in postoperative hypercoagulability. This study aimed to investigate whether dexmedetomidine could attenuat...
Dexmedetomidine is widely used during surgery. Recent studies have demonstrated that dexmedetomidine administered perioperatively is associated with lower postoperative mortality and complications in ...
A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)
Abnormally slow pace of regaining CONSCIOUSNESS after general anesthesia (ANESTHESIA, GENERAL) usually given during surgical procedures. This condition is characterized by persistent somnolence.
Inhalation anesthesia where the gases exhaled by the patient are rebreathed as some carbon dioxide is simultaneously removed and anesthetic gas and oxygen are added so that no anesthetic escapes into the room. Closed-circuit anesthesia is used especially with explosive anesthetics to prevent fires where electrical sparking from instruments is possible.
Epidural anesthesia administered via the sacral canal.