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Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-02-22T19:05:23-0500
Cytokines such as such as TNF-a, IL-1, IL-6 correlate with the severity of pancreatitis.Neuroendocrine pathways, such as the sympathetic nervous system or parasympathetic nervous system, i...
Persistent chronic inflammation is an important underlying event in multiple diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel diseases and type 2 diabetes. These disorders are c...
There is a reciprocal relationship between the central nervous system and the immune system. Stimulation of the vagus nerve results in secretion of acetylcholine (Ach) which decreases secr...
The kynurenine pathway is involved in hyperalgesia. This pathway is activated by inflammation. Ketamine would interact with the kynurenine pathway and inflammation. Our working hypotheses ...
Rationale: The vagus nerve exerts an anti-inflammatory effect in in vitro and animal experiments. This 'vagal anti-inflammatory pathway' is mediated by the nicotinergic α7nACh receptor th...
Over the past few decades, it has been clarified that the nervous system and immune system have overlapping distributions and their interactions are critical in the regulation of immunological and inf...
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the most common side effect of cisplatin, a widely used chemotherapy drug. Although AKI occurs in up to one third of cancer patients receiving cisplatin, effective renal p...
Left stellectomy has become an important therapeutic option for patients with potentially fatal arrhythmias. However, the antiarrhythmic mechanism of left stellectomy is not well known. Cholinergic an...
The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway (CAP) is an innate neural reflex where parasympathetic and sympathetic nerves work jointly to control inflammation. Activation of CAP by vagus nerve stimulati...
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193210.].
An anti-inflammatory, synthetic glucocorticoid. It is used topically as an anti-inflammatory agent and in aerosol form for the treatment of ASTHMA.
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties. It is an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase.
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AGENTS, NON-STEROIDAL) similar in mode of action to INDOMETHACIN.
Anti-inflammatory agents that are not steroids. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions. They are used primarily in the treatment of chronic arthritic conditions and certain soft tissue disorders associated with pain and inflammation. They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects. Certain NSAIDs also may inhibit lipoxygenase enzymes or TYPE C PHOSPHOLIPASES or may modulate T-cell function. (AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p 1814-5)
The system of ACETYLCHOLINE-synthesizing enzymes, transporters, receptors and degrading enzymes that characterize non-neuronal cholinergic cells such as airway and skin EPITHELIAL CELLS.