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Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Rectal Cancer Surgery: Oral With Intravenous Versus Intravenous Antibiotics.

2018-02-22 19:05:23 | BioPortfolio

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-02-22T19:05:23-0500

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Mechanical Bowel Preparation and Oral Antibiotics Before Rectal Cancer Surgery

This study aims to demonstrate that a preoperative combination of mechanical bowel preparation and oral antibiotics, before elective laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery, is associated with ...

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Enchanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols aim to provide safer and quicker recovery postoperatively. One of the elements in ERAS protocols is that bowel is not prepared before colo...

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Association of the Addition of Oral Antibiotics to Mechanical Bowel Preparation for Left Colon and Rectal Cancer Resections With Reduction of Surgical Site Infections.

Surgical site infections (SSIs) after colorectal surgery remain a significant complication, particularly for patients with cancer, because they can delay the administration of adjuvant therapy. A comb...

Mechanical Bowel Preparation (MBP) Prior to Elective Colorectal Resections in Crohn's Disease Patients.

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We retrospectively studied 708 consecutive patients at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, to find out whether one of the four antibiotic protocols in use conferred any advantage (or disadvantag...

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Toxic antibiotic of the mitomycin group, obtained from MITOMYCIN and also from Streptomyces ardus and other species. It is proposed as an antineoplastic agent, with some antibiotic properties.

The presence of fungi circulating in the blood. Opportunistic fungal sepsis is seen most often in immunosuppressed patients with severe neutropenia or in postoperative patients with intravenous catheters and usually follows prolonged antibiotic therapy.

A topically used antibiotic from a strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens. It has shown excellent activity against gram-positive staphylococci and streptococci. The antibiotic is used primarily for the treatment of primary and secondary skin disorders, nasal infections, and wound healing.

An antibiotic first isolated from cultures of Streptomyces venequelae in 1947 but now produced synthetically. It has a relatively simple structure and was the first broad-spectrum antibiotic to be discovered. It acts by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis and is mainly bacteriostatic. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p106)

An aminoglycoside, broad-spectrum antibiotic produced by Streptomyces tenebrarius. It is effective against gram-negative bacteria, especially the PSEUDOMONAS species. It is a 10% component of the antibiotic complex, NEBRAMYCIN, produced by the same species.

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