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Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-02-21T19:15:12-0500
Several sugar-replacement sweeteners are currently on the market, including saccharine (ex. Sweet'N Low), aspartame (ex. Equal), and sucralose (ex. Splenda). The purpose of this study is t...
The primary objective of this study is to compare 28 day mortality rates between septic shock patients with acute renal insufficiency treated via L-Carnitine (as an adjunct therapy) versus...
In this study the effects of sucralose on insulin sensitivity, beta-cell response and appetite regulating hormones will be evaluated.
Hemodialysis is a cause of carnitine deficiency. The deficiency of carnitine induces an anemia by an increase fragility of the red blood cells, a muscular fatigue and a cardiac dysfunction...
Hypothesis: 1. Long-term consumption of sucralose may effect glucose metabolism, incretin hormone secretion and gut microbiota in healthy adults. 2. Long-term consumption ...
There is a growing body of evidence that the long-term hemodialysis (HD) treatment leads to disturbances of carnitine homeostasis but the results of L-carnitine supplementation in HD patients have bee...
In this study the possible mechanisms through which L-carnitine ameliorates the adverse effects of high fat diet (HFD) induced obesity on rats was evaluated. 56 Wister albino rats were randomly assign...
Given its pivotal role in fatty acid oxidation and energy metabolism, l-carnitine has been investigated as ergogenic aid for enhancing exercise capacity in the healthy athletic population. Early resea...
Primary systemic carnitine deficiency (SCD) is an autosomal-recessive disorder caused by SLC22A5 gene mutation resulting in defective cellular carnitine transporter organic cation transporter 2. Defec...
Patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and patients with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) are both characterized by body image disturbance and dissatisfaction; furthermore, these disorders share clinical f...
Sustaining BODY WEIGHT after BODY WEIGHT CHANGES have been achieved.
An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of O-acetylcarnitine from acetyl-CoA plus carnitine. EC 22.214.171.124.
Expected weight of a healthy normal individual based on age, sex, and height. Thus, a malnourished person would weigh less than their ideal body weight.
A high-affinity, ATP-binding, co-transporter for CARNITINE that is highly expressed in kidney, skeletal muscle, heart, and placental tissues. It transports one sodium ion with one carnitine molecule. It has a lower affinity for other organic cations and transports them independently of sodium. Mutations in the SLC22A5 gene are associated with systemic carnitine deficiency.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)