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This study will determine whether assisted partner notification services (APS) can identify and link to care, the sexual and needle-sharing partners of HIV-infected and HIV/hepatitis C (HCV) co-infected persons who inject drugs (PWID). It will also define the risk factors for onward HIV and HCV transmission among PWID using viral phylogenetics.
Overview: This NIH-funded study uses assisted partner services (APS) to identify HIV-infected and HCV-infected persons who inject drugs (PWID) in Kenya and link them to care. In addition to determining the role of APS in HIV and HCV case-finding for this hard-to-reach key population, we leverage our experience with HIV and HCV phylogenetics in the US and South Africa to define modes and risk factors for onward viral transmission. The specific aims of the proposal are as follows:
AIM 1. To determine whether contact tracing and partner notification practices, known in Kenya as assisted partner services (APS), can identify and link to care, the sexual and injection partners of HIV-infected and HIV/ hepatitis C (HCV) co-infected persons who inject drugs (PWID).
AIM 2. To define the risk factors for HIV transmission among PWID, and to elucidate the role of PWID in the overall Kenyan HIV epidemic, using viral genetic sequencing techniques.
AIM 3. To characterize the modes and risk factors for onward HCV transmission among PWID using viral genetic sequencing.
Design: We will enroll 1000 HIV-infected PWID through a needle and syringe exchange program (NSP) in Nairobi, Kenya. Each index participant will undergo a structured questionnaire, a rapid HCV test, a blood draw, and will provide locator information regarding their sexual and injection partners from the past 3 years. Study staff will then attempt to locate all partners. Once located, partner participants will undergo rapid HIV and HCV testing, a structured questionnaire, and a blood draw. All blood samples will be sent to a central laboratory in Nairobi for processing. Dried blood spot samples will be created in Nairobi and will later be sent to the University of KwaZulu-Natal for quantitative viral loads for both HIV and hepatitis C, and follow-up phylogenetic testing. All participants who test positive for HIV or hepatitis C will be referred for counseling and treatment. HIV care and treatment will take place at multiple local centers offering these services.
Assisted Partner Services
Githurai Drop-in Centre
Not yet recruiting
University of Washington
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-03-04T21:46:19-0500
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