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This protocol is for the long term follow-up study of "Comparing Food and Cash Assistance for HIV-Positive Men and Women on Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in Tanzania", a 3-arm randomized controlled trial led by Professor Sandra McCoy at the University of California Berkeley and Dr. Prosper Njau at the Tanzanian Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. The investigators will determine the long-term effectiveness of short-term incentives for ART adherence and retention in care. The study will also determine whether incentives can also be used to re-engage PLHIV with HIV care after they have fallen out of care.
This study will build on preliminary data from a randomized study conducted in Shinyanga, Tanzania which found that short-term cash and food assistance improved ART adherence and retention in care among food insecure people living with HIV infection (PLHIV) after 6 and 12 months of follow-up. The investigators will now determine the long-term effectiveness of these incentive strategies. In this 2-year study, investigators will first determine 24-month adherence and retention outcomes using medical and pharmacy records for the 781 PLHIV who were alive at the end of the previous study, which concluded after 12 months of follow-up (Aim 1). Then, leveraging an existing program of home based care, investigators will determine the prevalence of undocumented transfers and deaths among the subset of patients found to be lost to follow-up or transferred in clinic records. Investigators will use these data from home visits to adjust estimates of the interventions' effectiveness on retention in HIV care and mortality (Aim 2). Among the PLHIV found to be disengaged from care, investigators will conduct a pilot study of a one-time cash incentive to encourage PLHIV to re-engage with care, with the goal of mitigating the barriers posed by transportation and opportunity costs (Aim 3). At the conclusion of the project, investigators will understand the long-term effectiveness of cash and food incentives for adherence and retention, and whether they can also be used for re-linking PLHIV to care, data highly relevant to 'Treat All' programs in Fast Track countries.
Incentive for linkage to care
Shinyanga Regional Hospital
University of California, Berkeley
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-03-08T22:39:10-0500
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Organization of medical and nursing care according to the degree of illness and care requirements in the hospital. The elements are intensive care, intermediate care, self-care, long-term care, and organized home care.
Medical care provided after the regular practice schedule of the physicians. Usually it is designed to deliver 24-hour-a-day and 365-day-a-year patient care coverage for emergencies, triage, pediatric care, or hospice care.
An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.
Phospholipids which have an alcohol moiety in ethereal linkage with a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic alcohol. They are usually derivatives of phosphoglycerols or phosphatidates. The other two alcohol groups of the glycerol backbone are usually in ester linkage. These compounds are widely distributed in animal tissues.
Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
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