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This is a phase II trial to examine the efficacy of neratinib plus trastuzumab or neratinib plus cetuximab in patients with "quadruple wild-type" (all RAS/NRAS/BRAF/PIK3CA wild-type), metastatic colorectal cancer based on HER2 status (amplified, non-amplified [wild-type] or mutated). Patients must have confirmed quadruple wild-type (WT) genotype, via NSABP MPR-1 or from colonic biopsy or a metastatic biopsy taken prior to treatment, and known HER2 status.
The primary aim of this study is to determine the progression-free survival (PFS) in each of these HER2 populations. Secondary aims include overall response rate (ORR) and clinical benefit rate (CBR) defined as the objective tumor decrease and stable disease by RECIST 1.1 criteria; toxicity and safety profile. Exploratory analysis will be performed to assess for molecular predictors of response. The local site will make the primary determination of response and progression based on all radiographic images (e.g., MRI, CT, PET, bone scan, etc.) as well as other relevant reports documenting disease response or progression.
For patients identified as quadruple WT with prior cetuximab or panitumumab treatment, a pre-entry blood sample will be required from consenting patients to confirm HER2 amplification for study eligibility.
Patients with quadruple WT, HER2 amplified with prior anti-EGRF therapy and/or HER2 mutated colorectal cancer with/or without prior anti-EGRF therapy will receive concurrent therapy with trastuzumab 4 mg/kg IV loading dose followed by 2 mg/kg IV weekly and neratinib 240 mg taken by mouth daily until disease progression, (Arm 1).
Patients with quadruple WT, HER2 WT or HER2 amplified with no prior anti-EGRF therapy will be assigned to receive concurrent therapy with cetuximab (400 mg/m2 IV loading dose followed by 250 mg/m2 IV weekly), and neratinib 240 mg taken by mouth daily until disease progression (Arm 2).
Approximately thirty-five (35) patients will be accrued to this study; 15 patients with HER2 amplified, 15 patients with HER2 WT, and approximately 5 patients with HER2 mutated colorectal cancer. Patients with HER2 WT or HER2 amplified mCRC who drop out of the study before the first scan (for whatever reason) will be replaced. Patients who drop out of the study after the first scan but before the second scan will be considered to have progressive disease.
Toxicity will be graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (CTCAE v4.0).
Required blood and tissue samples will be collected at entry into the study. A tumor biopsy will be procured from an accessible site of metastasis before study therapy is initiated (after the patient has signed the consent form and has been screened for eligibility). Tissue will be sent to Champions Oncology Laboratory for engraftment into an NOD/SCID mouse to develop a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model, and to NSABP Pathology Division for correlative science. Tissue samples from PDX models will be sent to Celcuity for functional HER2 signaling assay. Additional blood samples will be collected during the course of treatment.
Optional tumor and blood samples will be collected from consenting patients at the time of disease progression.
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Trastuzumab, Cetuximab, Neratinib, Celcuity CELx HSF
Not yet recruiting
NSABP Foundation Inc
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-03-14T00:34:14-0400
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Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.
A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.
A humanized monoclonal antibody against the ERBB-2 RECEPTOR (HER2). As an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT, it is used to treat BREAST CANCER where HER2 is overexpressed.
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