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In this randomized, controlled, observer-blinded study the investigators plan to evaluate ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) and ultrasound-guided thoracic erector spinae plane (TESP) block for postoperative pain management after unilateral total mastectomy without immediate reconstruction.
Despite substantial advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of pain and availability of newer analgesic techniques postoperative pain is not always effectively treated. Optimal pain management technique balances pain relief with concerns about safety and adverse effects associated with analgesic techniques. Currently, postoperative pain is commonly treated with systemic opioids, which are associated with numerous adverse effects including nausea and vomiting, dizziness, drowsiness, pruritus, urinary retention, and respiratory depression. Use of regional and local anesthesia has been shown to reduce opioid requirements and opioid-related side effects. Therefore, their use has been emphasized. The advent of ultrasound guided regional anesthesia has brought more precision to these techniques, including the ability to visualize the anatomy, perform real-time navigation, and direct observation of local anesthetic spread, as it allows a greater degree of sensory and motor blockade. Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) has been used for analgesia of the thoracic wall since it was first described in 1905. A relatively recent alternative to the TPVB is the thoracic erector spinae plane (TESP) block, which involves the ultrasound-guided injection of local anesthetic into the interfascial plane deep to the erector spinae muscle at the level of the transverse process. It results in a loss of somatic sensory sensation across multiple unilateral dermatomes due to local anesthetic mediated blockade of the dorsal and ventral rami of the spinal nerve roots. It is increasingly being used due to ease of placing the block and a perception of greater safety. It has been shown to provide pain relief from rib fractures, thoracotomy, and chronic neuropathic pain of the chest wall. However, to date, TESP block has not been compared with TPVB in regards to analgesia with mastectomy surgery, which has been extensively studied.
The investigators hypothesize that TESP block will provide similar (i.e., non-inferior) analgesia compared to TPVB block while reducing the cumulative consumption of oral morphine equivalents during the 24h post-operative period. The two co-primary aims of the study are to compare a) pain scores at 2h post-operative period, and b) cumulative consumption of oral morphine equivalents during the 24h post-operative period. Secondary objectives include comparison between the group in terms of pain scores at 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours post-operatively, as well as block-related morbidity (e.g.- pneumothorax), time to perform each block, and opioid-related adverse effects (e.g.- postoperative nausea and vomiting).
Erector Spinae Plane Block, Paravertebral Block
Not yet recruiting
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-04-12T08:03:12-0400
postoperative pain following Modified radical mastectomy is severe specially after dissection of tissues .paravertebral plane block provides an excellent postoperative analgesia for women'...
Erector Spinae Plane Block (ESPB) is a newly described and effective interfascial plane block for thoracic and abdominal surgery. It was first described by Forero et al. in 2016, effective...
Erector spinae plane block is new interfascial plane block, and can be applied to management of thoracic neuropathic pain syndromes. The target of needle is deeper(or anterior) to the erec...
Postoperative analgesia in breast surgery is a difficult and overworked issue due to etensive surgery and complex innervation of the breast. Erector spinae plane block (ESB) is a new defin...
The erector spinae plane block (ESPB) is a novel myofascial plane block. The ESPB is targeted at anterior surface of the erector spinae plane, which is oriented cephalocaudally to the spin...
Erector spinae plane (ESP) block is a novel regional anesthesia technique and gaining importance for postoperative pain management. Since it was first described, the clinicians wonder if this new simp...
The thoracic epidural block and thoracic paravertebral block are widely used techniques for multimodal analgesia after thoracic surgery. However, they have several adverse effects, and are not technic...
The effect of ultrasound-guided intercostal nerve block, single-injection erector spinae plane block and multiple-injection paravertebral block on postoperative analgesia in thoracoscopic surgery: A randomized, double-blinded, clinical trial.
The study was to determine the analgesic effect of ultrasound-guided intercostal nerve block (ICNB) and single-injection erector spinae plane block (ESPB) in comparison with multiple-injection paraver...
To compare the efficacy of the erector spinae plane block (ESPB) and conventional analgesia (CA) in pain management after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).
The paravertebral spread that occurs after erector spinae plane block may be volume-dependent. This cadaveric study was undertaken to compare the extent of paravertebral spread with erector spinae pla...
Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.
Impaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the SINOATRIAL NODE and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block). Heart blocks can be classified by the duration, frequency, or completeness of conduction block. Reversibility depends on the degree of structural or functional defects.
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).
Impaired or delayed impulse conduction between the right and left HEART ATRIA. Advanced interatrial blocks are often associated with arrhythmias (e.g., ATRIAL FLUTTER; and ATRIAL FIBRILLATION), direct conduction block via the Bachmann's bundle and concomitant left atrial enlargement. Syndrome of advanced interatrial block associated with SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA is referred to as Bayes syndrome.
A local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action. It is mainly used for infiltration anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal block. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1016).
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Pain is a feeling (sharp or dull) triggered in the nervous system which can be transient or constant. Pain can be specific to one area of the body eg back, abdomen or chest or more general all over the body eg muscles ache from the flu. Without pain ...