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Unraveling Early Walking Dysfunction in Non-disabled MS People: Assessment and Potential Therapeutic Interventions

2018-04-17 08:47:10 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of the study is to set up a pilot study to investigate the effects of treadmill training in preventing the onset and worsening of walking impairments, balance deficits and fatigue.

Description

As regards the of potential impact of exercises on functional decline at best of our knowledge no studies have been done on preventive interventions on walking, balance and fatigue disorders in early diagnosed PwMS. However, preliminary studies found that walking exercises can improve performances in PwMS with mild disability. van der Berg et al (van der Berg, 2006) investigated whether four weeks of aerobic treadmill training would improve mobility and fatigue in PwMS. They found that aerobic treadmill training is feasible and well tolerated and walking speed and endurance increased after training without changes in reported fatigue. In agreement with this study, Sabapathy et al (Sabapathy, 2011) reported improvements in mobility after endurance exercise training. Recent reviews (Dalgas, 2008 and Heine, 2015) and a recent paper by Sandroff et al (Sandroff, 2015) suggested that endurance training at low moderate intensity is well tolerated, has beneficial effects and reduces level of fatigue in MS patients having EDSS lower than 7.

Furthermore, the long-term effects of walking based aerobic endurance exercise on gait parameters were investigated by Wonnemberg et al (Wonnemberg, 2015). They found that step cadence decreased significantly and the step length increased significantly after 12 months suggesting that walking based aerobic endurance exercise may contribute to improved gait parameters in MS patients.

Walking exercises can be performed using treadmills. A Systematic review by Swinnen et al. (Swinnen, 2012) addresses the effect of different treadmill training (TT) modalities in PwMS. It showed that treadmill training improves walking skills and distance. In addition, Braendvik et al (Braendvik, 2015) revealed that TT was superior progressive strength training in improving walking in mild to moderate PwMS. Peruzzi et al. (Peruzzi, 2016) found similar results using Virtual Reality-based TT in PwMS with mild to moderate disability. After training, gait speed, stride length and the ability in negotiating obstacles were improved. Finally Gervasoni et al (Gervasoni, 2013) showed that 3-week of treadmill training reduced fatigue in PwMS.

The Hypothesis to be tested is that treadmill training can reduce subtle balance and gait impairments decreasing the impact of MS on the activities of daily living and, thereby, favorably impact on the disease progression.

Study Design

Conditions

Multiple Sclerosis

Intervention

Treadmill training

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi Onlus

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-04-17T08:47:10-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)

A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)

The most common clinical variant of MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, characterized by recurrent acute exacerbations of neurologic dysfunction followed by partial or complete recovery. Common clinical manifestations include loss of visual (see OPTIC NEURITIS), motor, sensory, or bladder function. Acute episodes of demyelination may occur at any site in the central nervous system, and commonly involve the optic nerves, spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)

Multiple protein bands serving as markers of specific ANTIBODIES and detected by ELECTROPHORESIS of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID or serum. The bands are most often seen during inflammatory or immune processes and are found in most patients with MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

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