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The primary aim of this retrospective cohort study is to test the hypothesis that previous traumatization (long) before an ischemic stroke increases the degree of stroke-induced PTSD symptoms at 9-13 months after the stroke event. Secondary outcome parameters include quality of life and depression.
Neuropsychiatric consequences of brain ischemia play a critical role in shaping long-term stroke outcome. Unfortunately, however, as of now, clinical research and clinical practice have not adequately addressed this growing challenge. A good case in point is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previous trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress symptoms may increase the risk of cardiovascular events (Sumner et al., 2015). Moreover, unbeknownst to most clinical neurologists, a significant portion (approximately 25%) of their stroke patients develop symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) within the first year post-event. PTSD-related symptoms after an acute coronary syndrome increase the risk of recurrent cardiac events and mortality (Edmondson et al., 2012). Similarly, stroke-induced PTSD has been linked with worse long term stroke outcome, in particular, recurrent stroke, greater disability, non-adherence to medications, and comorbidities (Goldfinger et al., 2014; Kronish et al., 2012).
For a period of 22 months, all stroke patients treated at the Charité Medical Center will be screened retrospectively 9-13 months after a first-ever ischemic stroke (~2000). All eligible patients will be contacted by mail 9-13 months after their hospital stay with the request that they complete the questionnaires. The mailing will also include an information statement, the consent form, as well as a stamped return envelope.
Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Not yet recruiting
Charite University, Berlin, Germany
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-04-19T10:03:12-0400
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Restoration of functions to the maximum degree possible in a person or persons suffering from a stroke.
Stroke caused by lacunar infarction or other small vessel diseases of the brain. It features hemiparesis (see PARESIS), hemisensory, or hemisensory motor loss.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
A condition caused by the failure of body to dissipate heat in an excessively hot environment or during PHYSICAL EXERTION in a hot environment. Contrast to HEAT EXHAUSTION, the body temperature in heat stroke patient is dangerously high with red, hot skin accompanied by DELUSIONS; CONVULSIONS; or COMA. It can be a life-threatening emergency and is most common in infants and the elderly.
Collections of data obtained from voluntary subjects. The information usually takes the form of answers to questions, or suggestions.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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Stroke - Cerebrovascular Disease (CVA)
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