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The Neuroinflammatory Response and Biomarkers in Acute Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury

2018-04-30 13:42:13 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The study is a prospective cohort study designed to assess the diagnostic and prognostic potential of biomarker measurement in acute traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), and to examine the neuroinflammatory response to acute TSCI.

Description

TSCI is an incurable condition with devastating consequences. The physical, psychosocial and financial implications in addition to a variable recovery and an uncertain prognosis have a profound impact on quality of life.The pathophysiology of TSCI is dual consisting of a primary injury and a secondary injury. The immediate trauma to the spinal cord and nerve roots causes the primary injury, while a prolonged cascade of events causes the secondary injury. The neuroinflammatory response is considered to be an important event. Current clinical measures to evaluate acute TSCI consist of clinical examination and routine imaging modalities. These measurements are inaccurate to assess injury severity, prognosis, and therapeutic efficacy, especially in the early acute phase. Biomarker measurement may provide a more accurate measure.

This study aim to assess the diagnostic and prognostic potential of biomarker measurement in acute TSCI, and to examine the neuroinflammatory response to acute TSCI. To achieve this, immune cells, cytokines, autoantibodies and structural proteins will be analysed in blood and cerebrospinal fluid by Flow Cytometry and assay techniques. These analyses will be correlated to clinical outcome assessed according to international standards.

Hopefully, this will contribute with new knowledge of the neuroinflammatory response and biomarkers in acute TSCI, and provide the needed knowledge for conducting futures trials in novel therapeutic interventions.

Study Design

Conditions

Spinal Cord Injury, Acute

Intervention

Blood samples, Cerebrospinal fluid sample, Clinical examination

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Aarhus

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-04-30T13:42:13-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through a hole through the skull bone most commonly draining from the nose (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID RHINORRHEA) or the ear (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OTORRHEA).

Proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid, normally albumin and globulin present in the ratio of 8 to 1. Increases in protein levels are of diagnostic value in neurological diseases. (Brain and Bannister's Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p221)

A watery fluid that is continuously produced in the CHOROID PLEXUS and circulates around the surface of the BRAIN; SPINAL CORD; and in the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.

Tubes inserted to create communication between a cerebral ventricle and the internal jugular vein. Their emplacement permits draining of cerebrospinal fluid for relief of hydrocephalus or other condition leading to fluid accumulation in the ventricles.

A condition characterized by neck stiffness, headache, and other symptoms suggestive of meningeal irritation, but without actual inflammation of the meninges (MENINGITIS). Spinal fluid pressure may be elevated but spinal fluid is normal. (DeJong, The Neurologic Examination, 4th ed, p673)

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