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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is one of the most common autoimmune inflammatory arthritis affecting 0.5 to 1% population worldwide characterized by synovitis, increased inflammatory markers and progressive bone and cartilage erosion. RA is associated with an increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality compared with the general population.
Although inflammation has been shown to contribute substantially to the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in patients with RA, there is also a high prevalence of traditional CVD-risk factors among these patients.
The elevated risk has been shown to be attributable to combination of both traditional risk factors hypertension, smoking, dyslipidemia and obesity and RA-specific factors rheumatoid factor (RF) positivity, rheumatoid factor (RF) positivity and Disease Activity Score including 28 joints (DAS28).
Periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by loss of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone, is a major cause of tooth loss.
Periodontal diseases are highly prevalent and can affect up to 90% of the world population with varying degree of disease severity. The prevalence of periodontitis is higher in RA population compared to the healthy individuals.
Studies have reported increased periodontal tissue breakdown in RA patients, certain clinical and pathological similarities exist between both diseases. Pathogenic processes in RA, which is characterized by synovial inflammation and progressive destruction of cartilage and bone, are similar to those in periodontitis.
Periodontitis also has been linked to other diseases known to be associated (higher) with RA as diabetes, CVD, metabolic syndrome, some types of cancer.
Periodontitis is one of the major modifiable risk factor of CVD. Both periodontitis and CVD share common risk factors as smoking, diabetes mellitus, age, socioeconomic status, stress and obesity, which could result in confounding any association between them.
Studies revealed that periodontal treatment improves endothelial function and there was a longitudinal study evaluating the impact of periodontal treatment on c-IMT in people with mild/moderate periodontitis. 6 and 12 months following periodontal treatment, a statistically significant reduction in c-IMT compared to baseline measurements was reported. These associations emphasize the importance of oral health as a common under-recognized factor increasing CV risk.
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Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-05-01T14:21:30-0400
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)-related antibodies and periodontal inflammation in subjects at-risk for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Subjects...
this will be an RCT. to determine if non-surgical treatment for periodontitis can improve the disease activity score in 28 joints of rheumatoid arthritis in an African setting. Rheumatoid ...
Periodontitis (PD) has been postulated to be a risk factor for the onset and progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Recent reports suggest that infection with Porphyromonas gingivalis ...
Periodontitis is a highly prevalent chronic inflammatory disease that is characterized by loss of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone, and is a major cause of tooth loss. Results fr...
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that results in a chronic inflammatory disorder that may affect many synovial joints, and may cause serious disability. It has been confi...
The purpose of this review is to evaluate the mechanisms that underlie the association between periodontal pathogens and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Despite a widely recognized bidirectional pathobiologic relationship between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontal disease, the impact of innovative anti-rheumatic drugs in modulating not only inf...
To evaluate the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in Chinese rheumatoid arthritis patients.
Advances in understanding of the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis with concurrent advances in protein engineering led to the development of biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs whic...
High magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-detected inflammation is associated with greater progression and poorer outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This analysis aimed to determine if baseline MRI in...
A variable mixture of the mono- and disodium salts of gold thiomalic acid used mainly for its anti-inflammatory action in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. It is most effective in active progressive rheumatoid arthritis and of little or no value in the presence of extensive deformities or in the treatment of other forms of arthritis.
Arthritis in children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
A chimeric monoclonal antibody to TNF ALPHA that is used in the treatment of RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS; PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS and CROHN'S DISEASE.
A humanized monoclonal antibody that binds specifically to TNF-ALPHA and blocks its interaction with endogenous TNF RECEPTORS to modulate INFLAMMATION. It is used in the treatment of RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS; CROHN'S DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.
Autoimmune disorders are conditions that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue. There are more than 80 different types of autoimmune disorders. Normally the immune system's white blood cells help protect ...
Arthritis is by definition the inflammation of one or more joints, characterized by swelling, pain, warmth, redness and diminished range of joint movement (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are many different types; Noninflammatory; Osteoarthritis, N...