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Subjective and Objective Results With CI Electrode Types

2018-05-11 16:08:07 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Background The authors' aim was to compare the influence of various electrode designs on selected objective and subjective clinical outcomes for cochlear implant recipients using the same model of receiver-stimulator, Cochlear™ Nucleus® Profile Series and sound processor.

Methods A multicenter study with subjects with profound sensorineural hearing loss, who were implanted and followed up in two tertiary centers. A total of 54 ears were implanted with Cochlear™ Nucleus® CI532, 51 with Cochlear™ Nucleus® CI522 and 54 with the Cochlear™ Nucleus® CI512. Implant loss and intraoperative electrophysiological tests (electrically evoked stapedial reflex threshold [ESRT], neural response telemetry threshold [T-NRT] and impedance), postoperative data (C-level, T-level, dynamic range, T-NRT and power consumption) and intracochlear position of the active electrode were analyzed with Nucleus Custom Sound 4.4 software.

Study Design

Conditions

Cochlear Implant

Intervention

cochlear implant

Location

Universitiy of Szeged, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
Szeged
Hungary
6725

Status

Completed

Source

Szeged University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-05-11T16:08:07-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.

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Multi-channel hearing devices typically used for patients who have tumors on the COCHLEAR NERVE and are unable to benefit from COCHLEAR IMPLANTS after tumor surgery that severs the cochlear nerve. The device electrically stimulates the nerves of cochlea nucleus in the BRAIN STEM rather than the inner ear as in cochlear implants.

The 8th cranial nerve. The vestibulocochlear nerve has a cochlear part (COCHLEAR NERVE) which is concerned with hearing and a vestibular part (VESTIBULAR NERVE) which mediates the sense of balance and head position. The fibers of the cochlear nerve originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS). The fibers of the vestibular nerve arise from neurons of Scarpa's ganglion and project to the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI.

The sensory ganglion of the COCHLEAR NERVE. The cells of the spiral ganglion send fibers peripherally to the cochlear hair cells and centrally to the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM.

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