Advertisement

Topics

Effect of Position and Pneumoperitoneum on Respiratory Mechanics and Transpulmonary Pressure During Laparoscopic Surgery

2018-05-21 18:19:10 | BioPortfolio

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-05-21T18:19:10-0400

Clinical Trials [2463 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Assessment of Esophageal Pressure Reliability to Estimate Pleural Pressure in Critically Ill Children

Background During ventilatory assistance, optimization of settings is critical to allow a personalized support and avoid over- or under-assistance. But little data are available in clinica...

ARDS Esophageal Balloon Pressure Changes With Positioning Study

The use of esophageal balloon catheters, which use esophageal pressure as a surrogate measurement for transpleural pressure, shows promise in improving outcomes of patients with severe acu...

Work of Breathing Assessment During Weaning From Mechanical Ventilation

Introduction In patients assisted by mechanical ventilation, the Work Of Breathing (WOB) is shared between the patient and the ventilator. During weaning from mechanical ventilation, the W...

Manual Ventilation Versus Pressure Controlled Mechanical Ventilation in Children

The investigator will compare the feasibility of manual ventilation and pressure-controlled mechanical ventilation during facemask ventilation in children. The hypothesis is that the incid...

Heartrate Variability During Conventional and Variable Pressure Support Mechanical Ventilation

Rationale Studies show that about a third of all postoperative complications are due to cardiovascular reasons. Furthermore it was shown that more than 50% of postoperative deaths are asso...

PubMed Articles [9970 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Impact of large volume paracentesis on respiratory parameters including transpulmonary pressure and on transpulmonary thermodilution derived hemodynamics: A prospective study.

Appropriate mechanical ventilation and prevention of alveolar collaps is mainly dependent on transpulmonary pressure TPP. TPP is assessed by measurement of esophageal pressure EP, largely influenced b...

Effects of positive end-expiratory pressure and recruitment maneuvers in a ventilator-induced injury mouse model.

Positive-pressure mechanical ventilation is an essential therapeutic intervention, yet it causes the clinical syndrome known as ventilator-induced lung injury. Various lung protective mechanical venti...

Respiratory Failure: Innovations in Diagnostics and Therapy.

Acute and chronic respiratory failures require immediate diagnosis and preferably individualized ventilation therapy. If possible, non-invasive ventilation should be considered to avoid complications ...

Biological Response to Time-Controlled Adaptive Ventilation Depends on Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Etiology.

To compare a time-controlled adaptive ventilation strategy, set in airway pressure release ventilation mode, versus a protective mechanical ventilation strategy in pulmonary and extrapulmonary acute r...

Esophageal pressure monitoring: why, when and how?

Esophageal manometry has shown its usefulness to estimate transpulmonary pressure, that is lung stress, and the intensity of spontaneous effort in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Ho...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.

A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.

Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)

Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.

Mechanical ventilation delivered to match the patient's efforts in breathing as detected by the interactive ventilation device.

More From BioPortfolio on "Effect of Position and Pneumoperitoneum on Respiratory Mechanics and Transpulmonary Pressure During Laparoscopic Surgery"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Searches Linking to this Trial