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World Mosquito Program Noumea - Human Sample Component

2018-06-15 02:13:09 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The dengue, Zika and chikungunya arboviruses represent potentially severe infections to which the New Caledonian population is exposed. In the absence of specific treatment or vaccine, vector control remains the method of choice to limit their spread. However, the traditional methods of prevention and vector control measure today face their limits: mosquito resistance to insecticides, difficulty of access and destruction of breeding areas... The World Mosquito Program Noumea project is based on the artificial colonization of the mosquito vector Aedes aegypti by the endosymbiotic bacteria Wolbachia, which reduces its ability to transmit arboviruses. The breeding of mosquitoes carrying the bacterium Wolbachia in the laboratories of the Institut Pasteur of New Caledonia requires the use of human blood samples for mosquito gorging.

The objective of the research is to generate, maintain and amplify Aedes aegypti Caledonian lineages carrying the Wolbachia bacteria for the planned insect release program in Noumea.

Description

The dengue, Zika and chikungunya arboviruses represent potentially severe infections to which the New Caledonian population is exposed. In the absence of specific treatment or vaccine, disease vector control remains the method of choice to limit their spread. However, the traditional methods of prevention and disease vector control must today face their limits: mosquito resistance to insecticides, difficulty of access and destruction of breeding areas... The World Mosquito Program Noumea project is based on the artificial colonization of the mosquito vector Aedes aegypti by the endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia, which reduces its ability to transmit arboviruses. The breeding of mosquitoes carrying the bacterium Wolbachia in the laboratories of the Institut Pasteur of New Caledonia requires the use of human blood samples for mosquito gorging.

The objective of the research is to generate, maintain and amplify Aedes aegypti Caledonian lineages carrying the bacterium Wolbachia for the planned insect release program in Noumea.

The establishment of Wolbachia in Aedes aegypti populations in Noumea should lead to the reduction of active transmission of dengue, Zika and chikungunya in the municipality.

Study Design

Conditions

Arbovirus Infections

Intervention

Blood donations of hemochromatosis or polycythemia patients, Blood donations of healthy donors

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Institut Pasteur

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-06-15T02:13:09-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The techniques used to draw blood from a vein for diagnostic purposes or for treatment of certain blood disorders such as erythrocytosis, hemochromatosis, polycythemia vera, and porphyria cutanea tarda.

The internal resistance of the BLOOD to shear forces. The in vitro measure of whole blood viscosity is of limited clinical utility because it bears little relationship to the actual viscosity within the circulation, but an increase in the viscosity of circulating blood can contribute to morbidity in patients suffering from disorders such as SICKLE CELL ANEMIA and POLYCYTHEMIA.

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The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.

A disorder due to the deposition of hemosiderin in the parenchymal cells, causing tissue damage and dysfunction of the liver, pancreas, heart, and pituitary. Full development of the disease in women is restricted by menstruation, pregnancy, and lower dietary intake of iron. Acquired hemochromatosis may be the result of blood transfusions, excessive dietary iron, or secondary to other disease. Idiopathic or genetic hemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive disorder of metabolism associated with a gene tightly linked to the A locus of the HLA complex on chromosome 6. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

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