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To Study the Effects of Lipid Emulsion on Hemodynamics in Organophosphate Compound Poisoning Objectives: To study the effect of administration of intravenous lipid emulsion on hemodynamic parameters, incidence of adverse effects in patients with organophosphate poisoning.
Background: Lipid emulsion has been used to revert toxicities of lipophilic drugs, toxins (especially lignocaine) and in critically ill patients. Though the safety has been established, the effect on hemodynamics in Organophosphate (OP) poisoned patients has never been studied. Hence this study is underway to fill those lacunae and evaluate the safety profile of lipid emulsion in organophosphate poisoned patients.
Methodology: The study is a prospective open label pilot study, which is underway at a tertiary care hospital in North India. Patients with history and clinical features of OP poisoning meeting the inclusion and exclusion parameters are being treated according to institutional protocols. Along with routine treatment a single dose of 20% lipid emulsion is being administered on admission to patients after obtaining consent. Patients are being followed up till discharge or death. Hemodynamic parameters and adverse effects following lipid emulsion administration are being studied over various intervals of time.
Methods A prospective open label pilot study was conducted with an aim to study the safety and effects of 20% lipid emulsion in OP compound poisoning. The objectives were to study the effects on hemodynamic parameters, the effect on morbidity, mortality and the occurrence of adverse events.
All patients, ≥ 13 years, with history of consumption of OP compound and clinical features of mild, moderate or severe OP compound poisoning as per the Peradeniya score (Table 1), admitted to the emergency department during the study period from September 2015 - December 2016 were included after written informed consent. Consent was obtained from the nearest kin if the presentation was with altered mental state. The recruitment began after approval from the institute's ethics committee.
At presentation, detailed history was sought and subjects were examined for signs and symptoms of OP poisoning. Vital parameters (pulse rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate) were noted. Blood samples were drawn for assessing baseline electrolytes, renal functions, haematological parameters and serum amylase. All patients received a single dose of 100mL of 20% lipid emulsion as an intra-venous infusion over 1 hour along with routine treatment as per institution protocols. Atropine was administered to patients by doubling dose method, which comprised of administering atropine starting from 2mg and to double the dose and administer till complete atropinization. Following this an infusion of 10-20 percent of the atropinizing dose was given every hour. In view of the controversial role of pralidoxime, it was not included in the study. The cases were followed up until recovery/death.
The patients were under observation for their vital signs, pupil size, fasciculation, respiratory crackles, amount of oral secretions and, if intubated, tracheal secretion. In addition they underwent monitoring of vital parameters every ten minutes during the course of lipid administration for the first thirty minutes followed by every fifteen minutes during the next 2 hours and every 2nd hourly thereafter.
Hemodynamic parameters, haematological, biochemical parameters, adverse effects and outcomes were compared at various intervals of time following administration of lipid emulsion, up to 72 hours, with those at the baseline; hemodynamic parameters were also compared with historic controls.
The primary outcome was to study the change in hemodynamic parameters (pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure and respiratory rate) after delivery of lipid emulsion in OP poisoned individuals up to 72 hours and compare any changes in the hemodynamic parameters with that of historic controls.
Secondary outcomes were to study the effects on case fatality (in-hospital until discharge or death), morbidity (duration of hospitalization, duration of mechanical ventilation, dose of atropine given) and the occurrence of complications including those related to lipid emulsion and hospital acquired infections.
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-06-27T04:50:13-0400
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