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Metformin for Preeclampsia Prevention in Pregnant Women With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

2018-07-05 07:40:31 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Although major advancements have been made in improving glycemic management in type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM), women entering pregnancy with type 1 DM continue to be at dramatically increased risk for adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes, including hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). At present, there is a lack of effective preventive interventions for HDP, which are associated with significant maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Clinical and in vitro data have shown promise for metformin in prevention of HDP in non-diabetic women. Metformin has a reassuring fetal safety profile and has been well studied in type 1 DM outside of pregnancy. The hypothesis to be tested in this application is that compared to usual care, daily oral metformin therapy initiated prior to 20 weeks' gestation in women with type 1 DM reduces the frequency of HDP.

Study Design

Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1

Intervention

Metformin

Location

Magee Womens Hospital of UPMC
Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania
United States
15213

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Pittsburgh

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-07-05T07:40:31-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A pharmaceutical preparation of sitagliptin phosphate and metformin hydrochloride that is used in the treatment of TYPE 2 DIABETES.

A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.

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