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Chronic kidney disease is associated with the loss of skeletal muscle mass and function. This process detrimentally impacts mobility, functional independence, and quality of life. Mounting evidence suggests that chronic kidney disease impairs skeletal muscle functioning by injuring mitochondria, the central energy producing units of cells.
Potential treatment options to restore mitochondrial function include aerobic and weight bearing exercise and medications that directly improve mitochondrial energetics. Unfortunately, exercise programs may be difficult to implement in people who have chronic diseases, such as kidney disease.. Coenzyme Q10 (coQ10) and nicotinamide riboside (NR) are naturally occurring supplements that can directly improve mitochondrial efficiency. Both compounds help mitochondria produce more energy while generating less waste.
The primary purpose of this study is to test whether coQ10 and NR can improve muscle function among people with chronic kidney disease. What we learn in this study may help us better understand the mechanisms of skeletal muscle impairment among people with kidney disease and ultimately improve their ability to be active and independent.
Sarcopenia (decreased muscle mass or function) is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with direct impacts on their metabolic and clinical outcomes. Existing evidence and the investigator's preliminary data suggest that mitochondrial dysfunction is a key underlying mechanism of sarcopenia in CKD. However, the ability of treatments to modify mitochondrial functioning in CKD patients is unknown. Coenzyme Q10 (coQ10) and nicotinamide riboside (NR) are naturally occurring supplements that reduce oxidative stress and restore substrate delivery to mitochondria, respectively.
Both processes have the potential to increase mitochondrial energy production with direct consequences for many metabolic and physical processes, including:
- aerobic capacity
- work efficiency
- mitochondrial energetics
- physical function
- oxidative stress
- heart failure symptoms
These outcomes will assessed in all study participants who enroll in the trial. Addressing these knowledge gaps is necessary to shed new light on the pathophysiology of sarcopenia in CKD and suggest future interventions that reduce morbidity and mortality.
This is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover trial of coQ10 and NR treatments. Participants will receive coQ10 (1000 mg daily), NR (1200 mg daily), or placebo each for six-weeks in random order with a 7-day washout between treatment periods. The primary outcomes are aerobic capacity and muscle work efficiency, measured during cycle ergometry.
Chronic Kidney Disease
CoQ10, Nicotinamide riboside, Placebo
University of Washington
Not yet recruiting
University of Washington
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-07-13T10:09:12-0400
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Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.
An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) from nicotinamide and 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate, the rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of the NAD coenzyme. It is also known as a growth factor for early B-LYMPHOCYTES, or an ADIPOKINE with insulin-mimetic effects (visfatin).
3-Carbamoyl-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl pyridinium hydroxide-5'phosphate, inner salt. A nucleotide in which the nitrogenous base, nicotinamide, is in beta-N-glycosidic linkage with the C-1 position of D-ribose. Synonyms: Nicotinamide Ribonucleotide; NMN.
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