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Among Veterans, the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is reported to be as high as 47.3% and a third higher than the general population. Muscle wasting and dysfunction have been identified as primary consequences of CKD. Disease-induced reductions in lean tissue adversely affect muscle fatigability. Consequently, muscle fatigability may serve as a potential limiting factor that contributes to activity limitations. However, there is a lack of evidence informing our understanding of muscle fatigability in patients with CKD. Dialysis treatment is a major factor contributing to the high financial costs of CKD care. Thus, in addition to potential health and quality of life benefits, treatments capable of maintaining kidney function or delaying the onset of dialysis treatment would provide substantial socio-economic benefit. Both lean body mass and muscle fatigability may be improved through strength training. Eccentric-overload (i.e. muscle lengthening) progressive resistance exercise (PRE) has been shown to be safe and effective for a variety of chronic conditions. Eccentric PRE using portable flywheel technology may provide a clinically viable treatment option to combat muscle impairments in CKD given the cost effectiveness and minimal space requirements for this mode of exercise.
The purpose of this study is to assess feasibility of the eccentric-overload PRE regimen for Veterans with CKD stage 3 & 4 predialysis using a prospective single-arm pre-test post-test intervention design. The primary aim of the project is to determine the effects of eccentric-overload PRE on muscle fatigability in Veterans with CKD Stages 3 & 4 predialysis. Feasibility of the regimen will be determined by the time needed to complete the 4-exercise regimen and the perceived exertion levels reported by the study participants.
Chronic Kidney Disease stage3
Eccentric overload exercise
Washington DC VA Medical Center
District of Columbia
Washington D.C. Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-07-18T11:04:14-0400
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Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.
Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.
A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.
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