Perioperative Hypothermia in Patients Submitted to Laparoscopic Urological Surgery

2018-08-09 17:11:12 | BioPortfolio


Hypothermia is a frequent perioperative complication. Its appearance can have deleterious effects such as perioperative bleeding or surgical site infection. Once the temperature has decreased, its treatment is difficult.

Preoperative warming prevents hypothermia, lowering the temperature gradient between core and peripheral compartments and reducing thermal redistribution. The most recent clinical practice guidelines advocate for active prewarming before induction of general anaesthesia since it is very effective in preventing perioperative hypothermia. However, the ideal warming time prior to the induction of anesthesia has long been investigated. This study aims to evaluate if different time periods of preoperative forced-air warming reduces the incidence of hypothermia at the end of surgery in patients submitted to laparoscopic urological surgery under general anesthesia. This is an observational prospective study comparing routine practice of pre-warming in consecutive surgical patients scheduled to laparoscopic prostatectomy or nephrectomy between August and December 2018. In this study 64 - 96 patients will be included and prewarming will be applied following routine clinical practice. The prewarming time will depend on the time the patient has to wait before entering in the operating theatre. Measurement of temperature will be performed using an esophagic thermometer. Patients will be followed throughout their hospital admission. Data will be recorded using a validated instrument and will be analysed using the statistics program R Core Team.


Maintaining patient's temperature above 36 grades Celsius throughout the perioperative period is challenging. Thus, it is essential to monitor temperature in order to be able to take measures to avoid the appearance of hypothermia. Once the temperature has decreased, its treatment is difficult since the application of heat to the body surface takes a long time to reach the core thermal compartment. Intraoperative warming alone cannot avoid postoperative hypothermia. The application of forced-air warming system during the preoperative period has been shown to be the most effective measure to prevent hypothermia and maintain intraoperative normothermia. However, long time periods of prewarming would not be efficient. Thus, the ideal warming time prior to the induction of anesthesia has long been investigated.

Due to the searching of optimal prewarming time, the conductance of this study is justified.

Study Design


Hypothermia; Anesthesia


Preoperative warming


Ángel Becerra
Las Palmas De Gran Canaria
Las Palmas




Dr. Negrin University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-08-09T17:11:12-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormally low BODY TEMPERATURE that is intentionally induced in warm-blooded animals by artificial means. In humans, mild or moderate hypothermia has been used to reduce tissue damages, particularly after cardiac or spinal cord injuries and during subsequent surgeries.

Abnormally slow pace of regaining CONSCIOUSNESS after general anesthesia (ANESTHESIA, GENERAL) usually given during surgical procedures. This condition is characterized by persistent somnolence.

Inhalation anesthesia where the gases exhaled by the patient are rebreathed as some carbon dioxide is simultaneously removed and anesthetic gas and oxygen are added so that no anesthetic escapes into the room. Closed-circuit anesthesia is used especially with explosive anesthetics to prevent fires where electrical sparking from instruments is possible.

Epidural anesthesia administered via the sacral canal.

A variety of anesthetic methods such as EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA used to control the pain of childbirth.

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