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Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease characterized by synovial inflammation and joint destruction that follows a relapsing- remitting course.Disease activity assessment is important for rheumatoid arthritis management .Neutrophil lymphocyte ratio and platelet lymphocyte ratio are associated with inflammatory status and can be used to assess disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease characterized by synovial inflammation and joint destruction that follows a relapsing - remitting course and induce severe disability . Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disease that causes devastating joint destruction if patients are not appropriately treated. It is characterized by symmetric joint involvement, erosion and deformity in the joints as a result of synovial inflammation .Inflammation is the key determinant and primary underlying mechanism leading to disability and increased mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.Disease activity assessment is important for rheumatoid arthritis management, since it could greatly affect the clinical decision. Current disease activity assessment mainly depend on clinical symptoms, signs and laboratory tests. laboratory Investigations are much preferred due to the advantage of less observer variations.
Therefore assessment of inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis with reliable markers is crucial to predict long term outcome of a particular patient. The most commonly used markers for this purpose are ESR and CRP in daily practice. However both of these markers have some limitations such as reflection of short-term inflammatory activity and low discrimination ability with other superimposed conditions.
Systemic inflammation is associated with changes in circulating blood cells quantity and composition. Normochromic anemia, thrombocytosis, neutrophilia and lymphopenia usually occur with many inflammatory conditions so the features of circulating blood cell components can be used for the assessment of inflammatory activity .
Parameters of hemogram, particularly those including immune system elements are important in the assessment of different diseases and or sign. Immune system elements involve the neutrophils, lymphocytes and platelets that have a role in the control of inflammation, while also undergoing changes secondary to inflammation. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis may be found with increasing platelet counts during active stages of the disease. The counts decrease up on remission of inflammation but detailed role played by platelets remains unobvious .
Platelet count, mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW) are three useful indices of platelet function reflecting the platelet production rate. .
Gokmen et al 2016 concluded that MPV and neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) together with acute phase reactant C.reactive Protein(CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) can be a useful indices for showing inflammation in RA patients and demonstrated that MPV negatively correlated with CRP and NLR positively correlated with ESR, CRP and anti cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (antiCCP). The author concluded that high NLR levels in patients with RA is important in predicting prognosis of disease and development of more joint damage and hypothesized that NLR may be Considered to be an indicator of inflammation, disease activity and disease prognosis.
Previous studies have shown that increased neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are associated with poor prognosis of various inflammatory related diseases such as cancer, chronic kidney disease , acute pancreatitis ) and myocardial infarction . This may be due to the fact that both PLR and NLR are associated with the inflammatory status .
Based on these Studies recently Fu el at., in 2015 hypothesized that both NLR and PLR correlated with the disease activity of RA and suggested that NLR and PLR may be indices for assessment of RA disease activity.
Uslu et al 2015 demonstrated that NLR and PLR were elevated in rheumatoid arthritis patients with active disease compared with patients in remission. So they concluded that NLR and PLR were two new inflammatory markers which could be used to assess disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Disease Activity Score-28
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Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-08-08T16:21:09-0400
The Disease Activity Score (DAS) is a system of measurement developed in the 1980s that uses certain criteria, including joint counts and patient perceived disease activity, to measure dis...
this will be an RCT. to determine if non-surgical treatment for periodontitis can improve the disease activity score in 28 joints of rheumatoid arthritis in an African setting. Rheumatoid ...
This Phase 3, randomized, open-label, multicenter study in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with low disease activity (Disease Activity Score 28 [DAS28] >2.8 and 35 to
This is prospective randomized, controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Qingre Huoxue comprehensive therapy in treating of patients with early Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Th...
This is an open label study to assess the improvement in the Disease Activity Score for 28-joint counts (DAS28) with ticagrelor given at 90 mg twice daily in patients with RA who have acti...
To compare several methods of missing data imputation for function (Health Assessment Questionnaire) and for disease activity (Disease Activity Score-28 and Clinical Disease Activity Index) in rheumat...
We aimed to investigate metabolites associated with the 28-joint disease activity score based on erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using capillary e...
PASDAS is a composite disease activity measure (range 0-10) for psoriatic arthritis (PsA). We aimed to validate a cutoff value of PsA Disease Activity Score (PASDAS) that defines minimal disease activ...
To evaluate the relationship between disease activity and radiographic progression in rheumatoid arthritis, three phase III studies of SB4, SB2 and SB5 (biosimilars of etanercept, infliximab and adali...
The present study aimed to determine the relationship between the serum hepcidin level and disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Arthritis in children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Systemic-onset rheumatoid arthritis in adults. It differs from classical rheumatoid arthritis in that it is more often marked by acute febrile onset, and generalized lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly are more prominent.
A variable mixture of the mono- and disodium salts of gold thiomalic acid used mainly for its anti-inflammatory action in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. It is most effective in active progressive rheumatoid arthritis and of little or no value in the presence of extensive deformities or in the treatment of other forms of arthritis.
A chimeric monoclonal antibody to TNF ALPHA that is used in the treatment of RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS; PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS and CROHN'S DISEASE.
Autoimmune disorders are conditions that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue. There are more than 80 different types of autoimmune disorders. Normally the immune system's white blood cells help protect ...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...