Oral Versus Vaginal Progesterone in the Luteal Support in Cryo-warmed Embryo Transfer Cycles

2018-08-09 17:25:22 | BioPortfolio


In IVF/ICSI cycles, the progesterone levels induced by ovarian stimulation are low, therefore the luteal phase is supported by progesterone. The use of progestogens in IVF is associated with an improvement in the live birth rate Standard protocol for luteal phase support has not yet been established. Currently vaginal progesterone is widely used, since the classic oral progesterone seems to result in a low bioavailability and a lower pregnancy rate. However, vaginal administration of progesterone is associated with vaginal irritation, discharge and bleeding. For all these reasons, there is a need for an effective, well tolerated, and safe treatment that can improve patient satisfaction and compliance.

Many studies have observed similar pregnancy rate results with dydrogesterone and micronized vaginal progesterone. A new RCT including a total of 1143 patients by Tournaye, showed that dydrogesterone treatment had a similar safety profile to micronized vaginal progesterone (MVP) for luteal support as part of ART treatment. The crude pregnancy rates at 12 weeks were 37.6% and 33.1% in the dydrogesterone and MVP treatment groups respectively.

Regarding the administration route of progesterone, intramuscular and transvaginal routes are the two conventional progesterone administration techniques. However, very few studies have compared the advantages of oral dydrogestrone with vaginal progesterone for luteal support in ART cycles.

The objective of the investigator's study is to demonstrate the superiority of oral dydrogesterone (Duphaston) 10 over MVP (Utrogestan) used for luteal supplementation in cryo-warmed embryo transfer cycles. Upon consent, 224 patients women will be randomly allocated into either one of the study groups using a simple randomization method by computer-generated random numbers. Group I will receive the oral dydrogesterone, while group II will receive the vaginal microprogesterone.

Study Design






American University of Beirut Medical Center




American University of Beirut Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-08-09T17:25:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Specific proteins found in or on cells of progesterone target tissues that specifically combine with progesterone. The cytosol progesterone-receptor complex then associates with the nucleic acids to initiate protein synthesis. There are two kinds of progesterone receptors, A and B. Both are induced by estrogen and have short half-lives.

Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.

The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.

A glycoprotein migrating as alpha 1-globulin, molecular weight 70,000 to 120,000. The protein, which is present in increased amounts in the plasma during pregnancy, binds mainly progesterone, with other steroids including testosterone competing weakly.

An enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of a 3 beta-hydroxy-delta(5)-steroid to 3-oxo-delta(4)-steroid in the presence of NAD. It converts pregnenolone to progesterone and dehydroepiandrosterone to androstenedione. EC

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