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PD-1(programmed death protein 1)antibody has been to approved in patients with MSI-H/dMMR advanced cancer and has achieved significant efficacy. It is reported that the objective response rate of Pembrolizumab and Nivolumab are 40% and 31.1% in MSI-H/dMMR (microsatellite instability-high/deficiency mismatch repair )colorectal cancer. What's more, most of the patients who had response for PD-1 antibody achieved a long duration of disease control. However, not all patients with MSI-H/dMMR was sensitive to PD-1 antibody despite it is a biomarker for PD-1 antibody treatment. There were about 50-60% of patients with MSI-H/dMMR were insensitive and we don't know why. What's more, it's reported that tumor mutation burden (TMB) may be another biomarker of response to PD-1 therapy. COX (cyclooxygenase)inhibitor has been proved to prevent adenomas in colorectal and it is safe for most of the patients. Preclinical models also showed that COX inhibitor could act with PD-1 antibody in mice and control disease progress. So, this study aims to evaluated efficacy and safety of combination of PD-1 antibody and COX inhibitor in patients with MSI-H/dMMR or high tumor mutation burden colorectal cancer.
This is a single arm, phase two study. Eligible patients with advanced MSI-H/dMMR colorectal cancer were assigned to receive BAT1306 plus COX inhibitor. All patients will receive the study regimen every 3 weeks. Chest/abdomen/pelvic CT with IV contrast will be performed to assess clinical response.
PD-1 antibody + cox inhibitor
Gastrointestinal Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University
Sun Yat-sen University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-08-22T20:45:16-0400
To observe the efficacy of PD-1 antibody JS001 in the treatment of participants with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) advanced or recurrent colorectal cancer, so as to provide suffi...
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Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.
A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.
Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...
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