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Prediction of Findings From the Ongoing CAROLINA Trial Using Healthcare Database Analyses

2018-08-30 22:07:13 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This cohort study was initiated to predict the findings of CAROLINA trial in a real world setting using electronic claims data from insurance databases with results anticipated prior to the completion of CAROLINA.

Description

The CARdiovascular Outcome Trial of LINAgliptin Versus Glimepiride in Type 2 Diabetes (CAROLINA) is an ongoing randomized controlled trial (RCT) designed to assess whether linagliptin is non-inferior, and if so, superior compared with glimepiride 1-4 mg once daily with respect to cardiovascular (CV) events in adults with relatively early Type 2 Diabetes at increased risk of CV events and with less than optimized glycaemic control. Given that medications of both classes are currently advocated as second-line therapy after metformin, and since sulfonylureas have been associated with concerns regarding their CV safety, while dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors have been suggested to exhibit CV benefits in preclinical and mechanistic trials, the results of this trial will provide answers to several clinically relevant questions and have a significant impact on clinical practice.

This cohort study was initiated to predict the findings of CAROLINA trial in a real world setting using electronic claims data from insurance databases with results anticipated prior to the completion of CAROLINA. Trial eligibility criteria were adapted in claims data to generate a comparable study cohort (of linagliptin and glimepiride initiators) to that of the trial population. Using 1:1 propensity score-matching was used to control for >120 baseline characteristics. Patients were followed up for a composite cardiovascular outcome adapted from the primary end-point of the CAROLINA trial.

Study Design

Conditions

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Location

Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston
Massachusetts
United States
02120

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Brigham and Women's Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-08-30T22:07:13-0400

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A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

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A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.

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