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Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-09-05T00:28:12-0400
PALIVE 1 is an observational multicenter study on mechanical ventilation strategies used in children with an acute lung injury (ALI). The objective of the study is to describe mechanical ...
Acute lung injury (ALI) and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) represent a spectrum of clinical syndromes of rapid respiratory system deterioration that are associated with bot...
Dopamine(DA) is a common neurotransmitter that has been known to regulate behavior, movement, cardiovascular，endocrine and gastrointestinal functions, but also functions as an important ...
Mechanical ventilation of patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery may induce lung injury. Since lung protective ventilation has been recommended during anesthesia to prevent ongoing lung ...
The investigators aim to study the specific elastance in ALI/ARDS patients during invasive mechanical ventilation.
The acute respiratory distress syndrome is not only associated with a high mortality, but also goes along with cognitive impairment in survivors. The cause for this cognitive impairment is still not c...
Since the 2000s, there has been a trend towards decreasing tidal volumes for positive pressure ventilation during surgery. This an update of a review first published in 2015, trying to determine if lo...
Acute lung injury is a life threatening condition often requiring mechanical ventilation. Lung-protective ventilation with tidal volumes of 6 mL/kg predicted body weight (PBW, calculated on the basis ...
Mechanical ventilation (MV) can provide effective breathing support; however, ventilatior-induced lung injury (VILI) has also been widely recognized in clinical practice, including in the healthy lung...
There is wide variability in mechanical ventilation settings during ECMO in ARDS patients. Although lung rest is recommended to prevent further injury, there is no evidence to support it.
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
A rare but serious transfusion-related reaction in which fluid builds up in the lungs unrelated to excessively high infusion rate and/or volume (TRANSFUSION-ASSOCIATED CIRCULATORY OVERLOAD). Signs of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury include pulmonary secretions; hypotension; fever; DYSPNEA; TACHYPNEA; TACHYCARDIA; and CYANOSIS.
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
Lung damage that is caused by the adverse effects of PULMONARY VENTILATOR usage. The high frequency and tidal volumes produced by a mechanical ventilator can cause alveolar disruption and PULMONARY EDEMA.
Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.