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Lung Protection Strategy in Open Heart Surgery: Which Tidal Volume is Better 8ml/kg or 6ml/kg

2018-09-05 00:28:12 | BioPortfolio

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-09-05T00:28:12-0400

Clinical Trials [3528 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Epidemiologic Multicenter Study on Mechanical Ventilation Management in Children With Acute Lung Injury

PALIVE 1 is an observational multicenter study on mechanical ventilation strategies used in children with an acute lung injury (ALI). The objective of the study is to describe mechanical ...

Biomarkers of Lung Injury With Low Tidal Volume Ventilation Compared With Airway Pressure Release Ventilation

Acute lung injury (ALI) and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) represent a spectrum of clinical syndromes of rapid respiratory system deterioration that are associated with bot...

the Effect of Dopamine on Mechanical Ventilation Induced Lung Injury

Dopamine(DA) is a common neurotransmitter that has been known to regulate behavior, movement, cardiovascular,endocrine and gastrointestinal functions, but also functions as an important ...

Low Tidal Volume for Lung Protection During Anesthesia of Laparoscopic Surgery in Trendlenburg Position

Mechanical ventilation of patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery may induce lung injury. Since lung protective ventilation has been recommended during anesthesia to prevent ongoing lung ...

The Specific Elastance in Acute Lung Injury/Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ALI/ARDS) Patients

The investigators aim to study the specific elastance in ALI/ARDS patients during invasive mechanical ventilation.

PubMed Articles [16014 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Lung injury does not aggravate mechanical ventilation-induced early cerebral inflammation or apoptosis in an animal model.

The acute respiratory distress syndrome is not only associated with a high mortality, but also goes along with cognitive impairment in survivors. The cause for this cognitive impairment is still not c...

Intraoperative use of low volume ventilation to decrease postoperative mortality, mechanical ventilation, lengths of stay and lung injury in adults without acute lung injury.

Since the 2000s, there has been a trend towards decreasing tidal volumes for positive pressure ventilation during surgery. This an update of a review first published in 2015, trying to determine if lo...

Size matters: An observational study investigating estimated height as a reference size for calculating tidal volumes if low tidal volume ventilation is required.

Acute lung injury is a life threatening condition often requiring mechanical ventilation. Lung-protective ventilation with tidal volumes of 6 mL/kg predicted body weight (PBW, calculated on the basis ...

Deferoxamine preconditioning ameliorates mechanical ventilation-induced lung injury in rat model via ROS in alveolar macrophages: a randomized controlled study.

Mechanical ventilation (MV) can provide effective breathing support; however, ventilatior-induced lung injury (VILI) has also been widely recognized in clinical practice, including in the healthy lung...

Near-Apneic Ventilation Decreases Lung Injury and Fibroproliferation in an ARDS Model with ECMO.

There is wide variability in mechanical ventilation settings during ECMO in ARDS patients. Although lung rest is recommended to prevent further injury, there is no evidence to support it.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.

A rare but serious transfusion-related reaction in which fluid builds up in the lungs unrelated to excessively high infusion rate and/or volume (TRANSFUSION-ASSOCIATED CIRCULATORY OVERLOAD). Signs of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury include pulmonary secretions; hypotension; fever; DYSPNEA; TACHYPNEA; TACHYCARDIA; and CYANOSIS.

Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.

Lung damage that is caused by the adverse effects of PULMONARY VENTILATOR usage. The high frequency and tidal volumes produced by a mechanical ventilator can cause alveolar disruption and PULMONARY EDEMA.

Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.

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