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Insulin resistance is a positive protective reaction against surgery .this resistance has some negative consequences for patient health. It is associated with infectious complications. At the same time, Postoperative insulin resistance has been shown to correlate with the length of postoperative stay in hospital. Recently several clinical studies have shown that a carbohydrate-rich drink given 2 h before surgery diminishes postoperative insulin resistance in patient. The aim of our study is to investigate the influence on insulin resistance in patient with diabetes.
Insulin resistance is a positive protective reaction against surgery . As a response to surgery, activation of neuroendocrine and inflammation systems occurs as a protective reaction. However, this resistance has some negative consequences for patient health. It is associated with infectious complications. At the same time, Postoperative insulin resistance has been shown to correlate with the length of postoperative stay in hospital. Recently several clinical studies have shown that a carbohydrate-rich drink given 2 h before surgery diminishes postoperative insulin resistance in patient. The aim of our study is to investigate the influence on insulin resistance in patient with diabetes.
Preoperative Oral Carbohydrate Drink
The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University
Not yet recruiting
The Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-09-11T02:23:13-0400
This study compared traditional concept of preoperative fasting before elective open colon surgery and preoperative treatment with carbohydrate oral drink in intention to improve postopera...
Preoperative fasting and surgery can cause metabolic stress and insulin resistance. Oral carbohydrate loading has been shown to attenuate the development of insulin resistance in the non-p...
The purpose of this study is to delineate the effects of preoperative oral carbohydrate on immediate postoperative insulin resistance (PIR) in patients undergoing elective open colorectal ...
Preoperative carbohydrate drink intake attenuate insulin resistance. However, carbohydrate loading may compromise blood glucose control in patients with diabetes. There is some evidence th...
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is more common in older patients, and increased insulin resistance is an important factor for POCD. Fasting before surgery is performed to reduce...
Postoperative insulin resistance (PIR) is a common response after colorectal surgery and an independent risk factor for recovery. Preoperative oral carbohydrate (POC) has been known to reduce PIR. Her...
Routine overnight fasting may increase the risk of postoperative complications and delay postoperative recovery. Oral carbohydrate drinks have been shown to reduce glucose utilization and postoperativ...
To determine whether the pattern of carbohydrate sports drink ingestion during prolonged sub-maximal running affects exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rates and gastrointestinal (GI) comfort.
To evaluate the effect of insulin resistance in obesity on the expression in whole blood of mRNA and miRNA affecting bone homeostasis as well as to estimate the influence of oral glucose load (OGTT) o...
A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS. It can be caused by the presence of INSULIN ANTIBODIES or the abnormalities in insulin receptors (RECEPTOR, INSULIN) on target cell surfaces. It is often associated with OBESITY; DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS; INFECTION; and certain rare conditions. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
An inhibitor of alpha glucosidase that retards the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates in the small intestine and hence reduces the increase in blood-glucose concentrations after a carbohydrate load. It is given orally to non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus patients where diet modification or oral hypoglycemic agents do not control their condition. (From Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed)
THIAZOLES with two keto oxygens. Members are insulin-sensitizing agents which overcome INSULIN RESISTANCE by activation of the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma).
Rare autosomal recessive syndrome of extreme insulin resistance due to mutations in the binding domain of INSULIN RECEPTOR. Clinical features include severe intrauterine and postnatal growth restriction, characteristic dysmorphic FACIES; HIRSUTISM; VIRILIZATION; multiple endocrine abnormalities, and early death.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...