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The Effect of an Acute Increase in Plasma IL-6 on Glucose Tolerance When a Meal is Administered Intraduodenally

2018-09-12 01:58:13 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of the study is to investigate and clarify whether the effect of IL-6 on glucose tolerance and insulin secretion are secondary to the changes in gastric emptying.

The literature provides no information regarding a role for interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the regulation of beta cell function (glucose or meal-stimulated insulin secretion) in humans. Previous studies infusing IL-6 into humans have primarily focused on insulin action and the effects on peripheral insulin sensitivity whereas a potential effect on insulin secretion has been neglected.

We have demonstrated that an acute increase in IL-6, obtained by a single bolus of IL-6, potentiated glucose-induced insulin secretion in a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) dependent manner in mice1. In mice, IL-6 enhanced insulin secretion in a dose- and glucose-dependent manner, along with increasing concentrations of GLP-1. Interleukin-6 had no effect on insulin secretion in GLP-1 receptor knock-out mice or in mice treated with the GLP-1 receptor antagonist. Thus, in mice, GLP-1 has proven an essential mediator of IL-6 actions on beta cell function.

Importantly, a single bolus of IL-6 also significantly increased glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in several mouse models of obesity and diabetes (diet-induced obesity, the ob/ob and the db/db mouse).

Own data show that an infusion of IL-6 causes a significant delay in the rate of gastric emptying (GE) after a mixed meal in healthy young men. Data showed that this delay in GE is associated with much improved glucose tolerance and insulin secretion (unpublished data).

In the present study we wish to investigate whether the beneficial effects of IL-6 on postprandial glucose tolerance and insulin secretion are dependent on a delay in gastric emptying. We will bypass the ventricle and infuse a mixed meal directly into the duodenum of healthy young men.

This study has the potential to show that the known effect of IL-6 on postprandial glucose tolerance is dependent on a delayed GE.

Study Design

Conditions

Postprandial Glucose Homeostasis

Intervention

Infusion of a liquid meal intraduodenally

Location

Rigshospitalet, Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism (CIM) Centre for Physical Activity Research (CFAS)
Copenhagen
Denmark
2100

Status

Completed

Source

Rigshospitalet, Denmark

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-09-12T01:58:13-0400

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