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Early Exclusive Enteral Nutrition in Early Preterm Infants

2018-10-22 14:03:31 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Enteral nutrition in preterm infants is usually started and advanced slowly until reaching full enteral feeds. Most preterm infants born before 34 weeks gestation require parenteral fluids to maintain normal blood sugar level and prevent excessive weight loss and dehydration. Availability of donor human milk (DHM) along with low incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants born at 30-33 weeks have encouraged neonatologists to start feeding early and advance it faster in order to shorten time on parenteral nutrition (PN) and minimize the need for intravenous access. The objectives of this trial is to study whether exclusive enteral nutrition from day of birth (i.e. no PN) results in shorter time to achieve full enteral feed when compared with traditional feeding regimen that involves a combination of PN and progressive enteral feeding.

Description

Early nutritional support of preterm infants born at 30-33 weeks gestation is usually achieved via a combination of parenteral nutrition (PN) and enteral feeding that is advanced over few days to reach full enteral feed. Recent studies suggest that rapid increase of enteral feed volumes results in shorter duration on PN and earlier achievement of full enteral feed without increasing the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) or death. Although PN has an important role in nutrition of preterm infants, it is associated with increased risk of metabolic and infectious complications even when it is used for a short period of time. Furthermore, PN mandates the need for peripheral or central intravenous access. Provision of full enteral feed volume that meets reference daily fluid intake from day of birth is used frequently and successfully in stable preterm infants born after 33 weeks. Expanding the use of this regimen to stable preterm infants born at 30-33 weeks gestation may help avoid unnecessary start of intravenous access, prevent complications related to PN, and encourage mother-infant bonding experience.

Study Design

Conditions

Enteral Nutrition

Intervention

Early exclusive enteral nutrition

Location

Peter Lougheed Hospital
Calgary
Alberta
Canada
T1Y6J4

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Calgary

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-10-22T14:03:31-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.

The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).

The at-home administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered via a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).

Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.

The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES, as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease in animals.

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