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Dopamine D2 Receptors(D2R) Imaging in Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenoma(NFPA)

2018-10-26 13:49:14 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To study the in vivo expression of dopamine D2 receptors in nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma and the predictive role of dopamine dopamine D2 receptors PET-MR imaging in the therapeutic effect of dopamine agonists(DA).

Description

Dopamine agonists are the first line therapy for prolactinoma,which are also effective in some cases of other subtypes of pituitary tumors. It had been showed that dopamine agonists inhibit prolactin secretion by binding to and activating dopamine D2 receptors. PET-MR combined MR images with PET function images is substantial to evaluate the expression of dopamine D2 receptors.The aim is to study the in vivo expression of dopamine D2 receptors in prolactinoma and the predictive role of dopamine D2 receptors PET-MR imaging in the therapeutic effect of dopamine agonists.

Study Design

Conditions

Pituitary Adenoma

Intervention

Drug treatment, Surgery

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Ruijin Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-10-26T13:49:14-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Neoplasms which arise from or metastasize to the PITUITARY GLAND. The majority of pituitary neoplasms are adenomas, which are divided into non-secreting and secreting forms. Hormone producing forms are further classified by the type of hormone they secrete. Pituitary adenomas may also be characterized by their staining properties (see ADENOMA, BASOPHIL; ADENOMA, ACIDOPHIL; and ADENOMA, CHROMOPHOBE). Pituitary tumors may compress adjacent structures, including the HYPOTHALAMUS, several CRANIAL NERVES, and the OPTIC CHIASM. Chiasmal compression may result in bitemporal HEMIANOPSIA.

A pituitary adenoma which secretes ADRENOCORTICOTROPIN, leading to CUSHING DISEASE.

A benign tumor, usually found in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, whose cells stain with acid dyes. Such pituitary tumors may give rise to excessive secretion of growth hormone, resulting in gigantism or acromegaly. A specific type of acidophil adenoma may give rise to nonpuerperal galactorrhea. (Dorland, 27th ed)

The sudden loss of blood supply to the PITUITARY GLAND, leading to tissue NECROSIS and loss of function (PANHYPOPITUITARISM). The most common cause is hemorrhage or INFARCTION of a PITUITARY ADENOMA. It can also result from acute hemorrhage into SELLA TURCICA due to HEAD TRAUMA; INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; or other acute effects of central nervous system hemorrhage. Clinical signs include severe HEADACHE; HYPOTENSION; bilateral visual disturbances; UNCONSCIOUSNESS; and COMA.

A pituitary tumor that secretes GROWTH HORMONE. In humans, excess HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE leads to ACROMEGALY.

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