Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The aim of this randomized, controlled trial is to study the effectiveness of a potential new form of pre-arrest jail diversion for people with serious mental illnesses: the Police-Mental Health Linkage System. In the case of an encounter with a police officer, for half of the participants, during the background check, a message will notify the officer that the subject has mental health considerations. The notice contains a phone number of a provider working at the mental health clinic where the subject is receiving services, who can provide telephonic support to the officer. For the other half of participants, the message will not appear to the officers in the case of an encounter.
Fragmentation between mental health (MH) and criminal justice (CJ) systems leads to many persons with serious mental illnesses (SMI) being arrested/incarcerated when MH treatment would be more appropriate. As defined by SAMHSA, the disorders typically meeting criteria for SMI include schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, other psychotic disorders, major depressive disorders, and bipolar disorders. This study aims to test the effectiveness of a new police-MH linkage system. This study is a randomized, controlled trial to study the effectiveness of our new services-level intervention. Our "linkage system" piggybacks on the Georgia's criminal justice information system such that a police officer running a routine inquiry (similar to a background check) during an encounter with a consented and enrolled outpatient with a serious mental illness will receive an electronic message to call for information that might assist them. The officer can immediately call and connect to a Linkage Specialist (licensed mental health professional in the local public mental health system where the patient is or was enrolled in outpatient care), who provides brief telephonic support, information, and advice to the officer. The investigators have shown, in the recently completed NIMH-funded R34 intervention development project, that in some cases, a discretionary arrest (i.e., not obligatory, no violence involved) is replaced by informal resolution in light of the new information provided to the officer via the inquiry message and telephonic support from the Linkage Specialist. Furthermore, even more common than jail diversion, many patients involved in a police encounter were reconnected to care (after having fallen out of care and becoming symptomatic). This trial aims to determine whether or not the new linkage system is effective for reducing arrests and reducing discontinuities (gaps) in outpatient mental health care services. Partnering with our CJ partner, Georgia Bureau of Investigation (which houses Georgia's CJ databases/information system), as well as 4 public MH agencies covering 25 counties in Georgia, the investigators will conduct a randomized trial of the linkage system involving 1,600 outpatients with SMI. The investigators will test the hypotheses that patients randomized to the linkage system (as compared to those randomized to a database that does not generate the MH notice and phone number) will: (1) be less likely to be arrested, (2) have fewer arrests (both based on administrative (rap sheet) data provided by GBI), and (3) be less likely to have gaps in outpatient MH services, as evidenced by fewer absences from care of >3 months (based on data from the MH agencies' EMRs).
Mental Disorders, Severe
The Police-Mental Health Linkage System
Not yet recruiting
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-11-19T19:27:17-0500
This study will investigate the occurrence of psychosis-spectrum disorders among youth in the Juvenile Justice System and track mental health referrals for these youth in Phase 1, a standa...
To contribute to improving the level of functioning and quality of life and mental health outcomes for people with severe and enduring mental ill health (SMI) (schizophrenia, bipolar disor...
This study is intend to show the positive impact that massage therapy can have on the lives of police officers. The study will demonstrate how regular treatment can change sleeping quality...
The study herein seeks to determine whether students undergoing InSciEd Out curriculum in mental health and addiction (called My Mind, My Body) experience changes in their mental health-re...
This study will enroll 100 Samoan and 100 Marshallese adults to discuss mental health, mental disorders, and approaches for engaging Pacific Islander adults with mental illness into mental...
Recent investigations have demonstrated a significant prevalence of mental health disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicidal ideation, plans and attempts among Canadian p...
Early recognition of mental disorders and psychological crisis is essential for successful therapy and good outcome of affected persons. Relatives and affected persons need health knowledge in order t...
Despite the existence of numerous efficacious treatments for mental disorders, many individuals in need do not receive adequate treatment particularly racial and ethnic minorities. Community stakehold...
An essential foundation for global mental health is the development of reliable, clinically useful and globally applicable diagnostic classification of mental disorders.
Positive mental health involves not the absence of mental disorder but rather the presence of certain mental goods. Institutions, practitioners, and theorists often identify positive mental health wit...
Voluntary organizations which support educational programs and research in psychiatry with the objective of the promotion of mental health. An early association in the United States was founded as the National Committee for Mental Hygiene in 1909, became the Mental Health Association in 1976 and later the National Mental Health Association in 1980. State and local mental health associations in this country are chartered by the national organization and affiliated with it.
Recovery from mental disorders and/or substance abuse. The process of change in which individuals improve their MENTAL HEALTH and wellness, live a self-directed life, and work to achieve their full potential.
A self-administered version of the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD), a diagnostic tool containing modules on multiple mental health disorders including anxiety, alcohol, eating, and somatoform modules. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is designed specifically for mood/depression scoring each of the 9 DSM-IV criteria based on the mood module from the original PRIME-MD. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) scores 7 common anxiety symptoms.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to substance abuse and mental health. It is commonly referred to by the acronym SAMHSA. On 1 October 1992, the United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) became SAMHSA.
A subfield of psychiatry that emphasizes the somatic substructure on which mental operations and emotions are based, and the functional or organic disturbances of the central nervous system that give rise to, contribute to, or are associated with mental and emotional disorders. (From Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...
Schizophrenia is a common serious long-term mental health condition that affects 5 in 1000 in the UK. It causes a range of different psychological symptoms; hallucinations, delusions, muddled thoughts based on the hallucinations or delusions and ch...