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Multidisciplinary Bladder-preservation Therapy for Bladder Cancer

2018-12-03 23:35:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

A multidisciplinary approach has led to the development of bladder-preservation therapy using maximal transurethral resection followed by radiotherapy with concomitant radio-sensitizing chemotherapy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

Description

Multidisciplinary management improves complex treatment decision making in cancer care, but its impact for bladder cancer has not been documented. Although radical cystectomy (RC) has long been the standard of care for the management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), a multidisciplinary approach has led to the development of bladder-preservation therapy using maximal transurethral resection (TURBt) followed by radiotherapy with concomitant radio-sensitizing chemotherapy for MIBC. There are no randomized-controlled data comparing radical cystectomy with multidisciplinary bladder-preservation therapy (MBPT) available for comparison. However, observational data continues to support the use of MBPT as an acceptable alternative for patients with MIBC who wish to preserve their bladder or are not candidates for cystectomy because it may result in equivalent disease outcomes in select patients and offers the benefit of maintaining a functioning urinary system with subsequent improvements in quality of life. But there are also lots of issues need to be studied, such as the patient selection, approaches for completeness of TURBt, choices of radio-sensitizing chemotherapy, accuracy of radiotherapy and so on. In this study, the investigators plan to prospectively recruit 80 MIBC patients, who don't want to receive RC or are not candidates for RC, treated with MBPT from Nov 2018 to Dec 2020 in Peking University Third Hospital. The investigators will collect, compare and analyze their clinic-pathological data before and after MBPT, in order to confirm the safety and efficacy of MBPT for MIBC in China. At the same time, the investigators want to find out the patients who are not suitable for MBPT and the approach which can improve the efficacy of MBPT, as a result, the investigators intend to make a standard MBPT approach for Chinese MIBC patients.

Study Design

Conditions

Bladder Cancer

Intervention

multidisciplinary bladder-preservation therapy

Location

Peking University Third Hospital
Beijing
Beijing
China
100191

Status

Recruiting

Source

Peking University Third Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2018-12-03T23:35:12-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.

Involuntary discharge of URINE as a result of physical activities that increase abdominal pressure on the URINARY BLADDER without detrusor contraction or overdistended bladder. The subtypes are classified by the degree of leakage, descent and opening of the bladder neck and URETHRA without bladder contraction, and sphincter deficiency.

Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.

An abnormal passage in the URINARY BLADDER or between the bladder and any surrounding organ.

Blocked urine flow through the bladder neck, the narrow internal urethral opening at the base of the URINARY BLADDER. Narrowing or strictures of the URETHRA can be congenital or acquired. It is often observed in males with enlarged PROSTATE glands.

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